There are two essential elements necessary for the survival of all living things: oxygen and water. In this respect, water can be defined as a critical element that ensures biological life maintenance.
In the body, water intake and excretion from the body are carried out in a certain balance. The body’s average fluid volume is in question. The water consumed daily should protect the fluid volume in the body. To preserve the body’s fluid volume, daily fluid intake should be equal to daily fluid loss. In case of deterioration of this primary fluid balance in the body, some disorders occur. In the case of consuming a sufficient amount of water for the body, most of the body’s trace elements can be met. This situation is reflected in the body as the beauty of the skin and the strengthening of the immune system. The risk of developing colds, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and bladder cancer is reduced through adequate and qualified water consumption.
In order not to encounter serious situations and to avoid diseases, plenty of water should be consumed. However, the amount of water consumed is also significant for body health. The state of the body water level is easily learned with specific tests. According to the results, it is now easier to take precautions.
What is urine specific gravity test?
The urine specific gravity test compares urine density to water density. This quick test can help determine how well kidneys are diluting the urine.
What is test used for?
The primary role of kidneys is to filter blood and maintain average electrolyte balance. Testing urine specific gravity is a quick way to tell if kidneys are trying to compensate for some abnormalities.
What are the results?
Too concentrated urine can mean that kidneys are not working correctly or do not get enough water. Insufficiently concentrated urine can mean have a rare condition called diabetes insipidus, resulting in dehydration and excretion of large amounts of diluted urine.
Dehydration is a biological event that occurs when someone uses or loses more fluid than take in. As a result, there is not enough water and fluid in the body to perform routine functions. Approximately 65% of the human body is made up of water. It loses an average of 2.5-3 liters of water per day. When the lost fluids are not replaced, there will be dehydration. In addition to water loss, minerals such as sodium, calcium, potassium that regulate the body’s electrolyte balance are also thrown out.
Mild signs of dehydration are the sensation of thirst, muscle cramps, headache, dryness and coldness of the skin, decreased urination and dark yellow urine, dry and sticky mouth.
Severe dehydration signs are difficulty with urinating, urine that is very dark yellow or amber, dry and wrinkled skin, confusion, loss of consciousness, increased heart rate and breathing, dizziness, squinting in eyes and low blood pressure especially when standing up.
Dehydration can occur due to simple reasons such as forgetting to drink water, not having enough water, consuming enough while traveling, and other reasons. These reasons:
Sudden onset of severe diarrhea and accompanying vomiting, which is common especially in infants and children, high fever caused by infection or heat stroke, excessive sweating due to excessive exercise or high temperature, excessive urination due to chronic diseases such as diabetes, diseases that cause the kidneys to lose their water retention, diuretic, blood pressure and antihistaminic drugs, alcohol consumption, endurance sports such as marathon running, climbing, triathlon.
Any person who has lost too much liquid may suffer dehydration. As well, you can experience these;
- Decreasing in physical performance
- Decreasing in mental performance
- Impaired cognitive function
- Decreasing in stamina
- Having higher than normal heart rate
- Migraine attacks
How is it improved?
The most effective method for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and lost electrolytes. The best approach to dehydration; depends on age, severity and cause of dehydration. In general, increasing water consumption is the most appropriate solution in mild and moderate dehydration. Fluids containing electrolytes may also be preferred for fluid loss due to excessive exercise. In severe dehydration, it is crucial to take the patient to the nearest health institution.
For mild to moderate dehydration due to diarrhea, vomiting or fever, drinking more water or other liquids can improve conditions.
Coldwater is the best option for working or exercising outside in hot or humid weather. Sports drinks that contain electrolytes and carbohydrate solutions can also help. Severe dehydrated cases can recover faster with the help of intravenous salts and water.
Benefits of staying hydrated
Hydration: It keeps the water and electrolyte levels required for the body at a certain level to increase efficiency. Water lost during daily activities must be taken back. Otherwise, a dangerous situation will occur. Hydration, which acts from mental focus to joint health; The amount of water entering and leaving the body is balanced. Reaching maximum efficiency in daily life can only be achieved through hydration.
Does enough water help prevent health problems?
Water is essential for life and is considered as a nutrient. Water and other beverages; plays a role in the digestion, absorption and transportation of our food to the cells, the formation of biochemical reactions necessary for life and health, the functioning of cells, tissues, organs and systems, transport and disposal of dangerous substances resulting from metabolism, control of body temperature and lubrication of joints. In addition to all these, it also provides essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium and fluorine. In this context, the fulfillment of body functions is possible by maintaining the water balance called “hydration”.
How much water do you drink daily?
Daily water need varies from person to person. Age, weight, health status, medications are taken, exercise and environmental factors make a difference in daily water consumption. Studies underline that an adult woman should drink 2.7 liters per day and a man 3.7 liters per day. However, at this point, it should not be forgotten that foods with a high amount of water, such as watermelon and cucumber, can also be a source of fluid for the body. This amount, which is already stated by research, is the total amount of liquid taken from water and food.
How do I know if I’m drinking enough?
If enough water is not taken into the body for a few days, some symptoms appear in the body. When some of these symptoms are encountered, it is noticed that there is not enough water in the body. These symptoms are dry mouth, dry skin, dry eyes, joint pain, prolonged illness, fatigue, frequent hunger and various digestive problems.
Drinking too much water can be dangerous to health, and this phenomenon is called overhydration. Overhydration can lead to water poisoning. It occurs when the amount of salt and other electrolytes in the body becomes too dilute. Hyponatremia is a condition in which sodium (salt) levels are dangerously low. It is the primary concern of overhydration.
There are two main types of overhydration. The first is “Increased water intake”, which occurs when more water is drunk than the kidneys can excrete in the urine. It can cause too much water to pool in the bloodstream. The second event is called Water Retention, and this event occurs due to the body not being able to get rid of water properly. Some medical conditions can also cause excessive water retention in the body. Both of these are dangerous. The reason is that the balance between water and sodium in the blood is neglected.
The most common symptom of overhydration is a headache. Besides, feeling nervous and confused are among other symptoms. The most severe symptoms of overhydration are double vision, difficulty breathing, increased blood pressure, and numbness. In addition to these symptoms, nausea, vomiting, body swelling, and muscle spasms can also be seen.
Overhydration is the imbalance of fluids. It happens when the body takes in more fluid than the kidneys can extract or retains more fluid in the body. Drinking too much water or not having a way to remove it can cause water levels to rise. Water needs vary according to age, gender, weather, activity level and general dependency. Common conditions such as extreme heat, significant activity, and febrile illness require higher than average fluid intake. In a healthy person, urine is an indicator of an overhydration state. The pale urine indicates that water intake is in balance. Darker urine means that the body needs more water. Moreover, colorless urine means that the person is overhydrated.
Some medications and the situations that arise will cause your body to overhydrate by holding more fluid. These:
- Congestive heart failure
- Liver disease
- Kidney problems
- Inappropriate antidiuretic hormone syndrome
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Uncontrolled diabetes
Other conditions and medications can make you dehydrated, causing increased water intake. These:
- Ecstasy (drugs)
- Antipsychotic drugs
How is it improved?
The type of treatment for overhydration is determined by how severe the symptoms are and what caused the condition. Treatments can include:
- Reducing fluid intake,
- Stopping the medications that cause the problem,
- Changing sodium in severe cases.
Why should we keep track of whether we’re hydrated or not with Vivoo?
It is unique that Vivoo informs us about our body’s water level by giving us feedback in a straightforward and fast way. You sometimes forget to fulfill your most basic needs in your daily lives due to the intensity, workload, and responsibilities. Using Vivoo, you can learn about your body’s hydration level, learn the precautions you will take according to the situation you are in, and learn how far these situations have progressed with a very simple test.
Related: Vivoo Water Box
How Vivoo helps with maintaining hydration?
Vivoo helps us learn the hydration level of our body due to the strip tests it contains. According to these test results, it makes specific advice to us and maximizes our body health. Vivoo not only tells the test results but also offers us nutritional advice according to the hydration state of our body. Thanks to these suggestions, the hydration level can always be followed regularly.
What affects water consumption?
The total amount of water to be consumed can be changed by taking into account daily activities, the climate, health conditions, and pregnancy.
If exercising or engaging in any activity that causes sweating, extra water consumption is needed to compensate for the lost fluid.
Hot or humid weather can cause sweating and require additional fluid consumption. Besides, the heated air in closed areas in winter can cause the skin to lose moisture.
In the presence of fever, vomiting and diarrhea, the body loses extra water. In these cases, more water should be drunk. Also, if certain conditions such as bladder infection or urinary tract stones develop, more water consumption may be needed. On the other hand, several conditions such as heart failure, certain kidney, liver or adrenal gland diseases may impair water excretion. Even such situations may require limitation of the amount of water taken into the body.
People who are pregnant or breastfeeding need to drink extra water to stay hydrated. Large amounts of water should be taken, especially during breastfeeding.
Is water the only option for staying hydrated?
One of the easiest ways to get the body hydrated is to drink plenty of water. However, some vegetables and fruits can be consumed to maintain the body’s water balance. These are:
Cucumber: Cucumber contains 95% water in its content. Therefore, it is a beneficial vegetable in terms of replacing the liquid lost in the summer heat.
Tomato: Tomato saves cells from dehydration with nearly 95% water content.
Watermelon: The water content of watermelon is 92%. Besides, it contains beta-carotene, lycopene and vitamin C.
Yogurt: Yoghurt includes 80% water. It is also an intestinal regulator with beneficial bacteria it has.
Strawberry: Strawberry, which is very rich in vitamin C, has more than 90 % water in its content. It prevents cardiovascular diseases and helps fight infections.
In addition to drinking water, consuming such fruits and vegetables will keep the body hydrated.