What does urine pH tell us?
Urine, like other body fluids, can be acidic or alkaline. Acidic substances have a pH of less than 7, while alkaline substances have a higher pH. Urine is typically slightly acidic, with a pH of around 6-7 but can range from 4.5 to 8. Urine pH changes depending on your diet, specific disease processes, and the medications you take. The excretion of acid or alkaline urine helps maintain the body’s acid-base balance between acidity and alkalinity. Factors that affect urine pH include vomiting, diarrhea, lung disease, hormones, kidney function, and urinary tract infection. Average values range from pH 4.5 to pH 8.0.
A urine pH value above 7 indicates that the urine is primary. Urine pH increases in cases such as kidney failure, urinary tract infections, vomiting, and eating mostly veggies and fruits. Low pH in the urine indicates that the urine is mainly acidic. In acid urine, the pH value is below 7. In cases such as acidosis, dehydration, diarrhea, and eating mostly meat, dairy products, and grains, the urine pH decreases and becomes acidic.
It is essential to pay attention to nutrition in order to keep the dietary acid load under control.
- Alkaline food groups are vegetables, fruits, seeds, and legumes.
- Acidic foods groups are meat, poultry, dairy products, and grains.
An optimal pH value indicates that the diet is balanced
It is seen that all critical events and diseases depend on the pH value of the body. It is known that the food a person eats changes the pH value of the body. This value varies according to the mineral density of the food. When food is used to obtain energy, waste occurs due to the metabolization of such foods. It is argued that acidic or alkaline waste changes the body’s pH. Based on urine with acidic pH, it can be presumed that there is Diabetes mellitus, Fever, in the body, and it can be said that the person follows a high protein diet. On the other hand, when looking at urine with an alkaline pH value, it can be said that the pH value of the urine has increased to an alkaline level as a result of severe vomiting, urinary infection, and it can be understand that the person likely follows a vegetarian diet or eats mainly veggies and fruits.
Based on this information, a urine pH ratio range around 6 – 7, depending on our diet, shows that we have reached the optimal pH level with the diet we follow.
Urine pH and Weight Management
The mechanism of weight loss and weight gain is a very complex process, and this mechanism may vary depending on more than one factor. Many factors are involved in this process, from the level of inflammation to the calories consumed, from the metabolic rate to the hormonal level, and so forth. Additional aspects frange from intracellular electrolytes to energy production, depending on the pH. Therefore, pH is significant in body weight control. The nutrients are taken into the body and the acidic or alkaline levels of the urine can also be associated with the weight gain and loss process. An alkaline diet is recommended to convert urine with an acidic pH to an alkaline level. However, protein groups should be included into the diet to optimize alkaline urine pH.
Eating Mainly Alkaline Foods
- A healthy diet rich in vegetables and fruits
- Provides adequate dietary fiber intake
- Avoidance of processed foods
- Protein may be insufficient
- May lack necessary vital acids such as amino acids, e.g. meat and/or grain group
Eating Mainly Acidic Foods
- Provides high protein intake, supports satiety, and increases metabolism rate
- Contains essential amino acids that muscles need
- Can cause insufficient fiber intake
- Lacks most vitamins and minerals
Each food and each food group has a different role and importance for the body. In order to control body weight, it is important to follow the recommended advice, have a balanced diet, and keep the body pH level at an optimum level.