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Nutrition During COVID-19

Summary

Nutrition during COVID-19 has become more important day by day while the COVID-19 pandemic has infected more than 69 million people and taken nearly 1,5 million people’s lives worldwide. A recent review takes a look at vitamins and specific minerals’ role on the immune system.

While precautions focus primarily on social distancing, therapeutics, and hygiene, there are serious underlying vulnerabilities in individuals infected by the coronavirus. The vulnerable factors include advanced age, obesity, systemic coagulopathy or thrombosis, acute respiratory failure, inflammation, immunodeficiency, and neuropathologies.

Nutritional intake during COVID-19 and other supplements and herbs including various combinations and compositions, support metabolism and physiology required for health. A balanced diet, with good nutrients, is vital to health and supports normal B and T cell functions for optimal disease-reducing immunity.

A recent review describes the role of nutrition in COVID-19. The fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and specific minerals play a significant role in the physiology of the immune system.

Related: The Food Nutrients to Supercharge Your Immune System

Vitamin A

vitamin a

Vitamin A improves responses to vaccines and augments both cellular and humoral immunity. The daily recommended dietary allowance for Vitamin A is 900 mcg/d for men and 700mcg/d for women.

Sources: Carrots, sweet potatoes, spinach, kale, beef, liver, eggs, shrimp, fish, pumpkins, mangoes

Vitamin D

Grilled salmon filet with fresh greens

Vitamin D supports innate immune responses to influenza A-B, parainfluenza 1–2. Low vitamin D status is associated with an increased risk of both upper and lower respiratory tract infections. Thus, vitamin D status appears to play a role in antiviral immunity. Depending on vitamin D status, immunity could be compromised, especially in the elderly. The daily recommended dietary allowance for Vitamin D is 600 IU for both men and women.

Sources: Fortified milk and cereals, fatty fish

Related: Importance of Getting Enough Vitamin D

Vitamin E

nutrition during covid-19

Vitamin E deficiency is known to impair both humoral and cellular immunity. Additionally, the fat-soluble vitamins serve a role in tissue growth. The daily recommended dietary allowance for Vitamin E is 15 mg for men and women.

Sources: Nuts, seeds, vegetable oils

Vitamin C

Dried oranges and clementines on a marble countertop

There is currently no evidence that any supplement can ‘boost’ our immune system and treat or prevent any viral infections, except Vitamin C. Vitamin C is one of the major constituents of water-soluble vitamins which tends to make a strong immune system. The daily recommended dietary allowance for Vitamin C is 90mg/d for men and 75mg/d for women.

Sources: Citrus fruit, potatoes, broccoli, bell peppers, spinach, strawberries, tomatoes, Brussels sprouts

Trace Elements

Trace elements that support immune functions include Zn, Cu, and Mg.

Zinc (Zn): meat, shellfish, legumes, whole grains

Copper (Cu): shellfish, nuts, seeds, whole-grain products, beans, prunes

Magnesium (Mg): Spinach, broccoli, legumes, seeds, whole-wheat bread

Fatty Acids

Additionally, essential fatty acids also have modulating effects on immunity and inflammatory processes. The essential fatty acids and related long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) support immune functions. A balanced diet must include adequate essential fatty acids and both n-6 (sunflower oil, avocado) and n-3 (fatty fish, rapeseed oil and linseed oil, walnuts) for the immune system and control inflammation.

Top view of poke bowl consisting of chopped cucumbers avocado and salmon with mango and blue cabbage placed on green background

Other than that here are some important guidelines on nutrition in COVID-19;

  • Eat fruits daily (guava, apple, banana, strawberry, cantaloupe melon, grapefruit, pineapple, papaya, orange, Longman fruit, blackcurrant, pummelo) with a serving size of two cups (4 servings).
  • Eat whole grains and nuts, 180 g of grains (unprocessed maize, oats, wheat, millet, brown rice, or roots such as potato)
  • Use nuts like almonds, coconut, and pistachio.
  • Eat fresh vegetables (green bell peppers, garlic, ginger, kale, lime, coriander (dried), broccoli, green chili pepper) 2.5 cups of vegetables (5 servings) legumes (beans and lentils).
  • Red meat can be eaten once or twice per week, and poultry 2−3 times per week. Use foods from animal sources (e.g. fish, fish, eggs, and milk) and 160 g of meat and beans.
  • For snacks, choose fresh fruits and raw vegetables rather than foods that are high in sugar, salt, or fat. Avoid irregular snacking.
  • Do not overcook vegetables as it leads to the loss of important nutrients such as vitamins and minerals.
  • When using dried or canned fruits and vegetables, choose varieties without added sugar or salt.
  • Make sure the food is prepared and served at acceptable temperatures (≥72°C for 2 mins).
  • Limit the salt intake to 5 grams a day.
  • Consume unsaturated fats (found in avocado, fish, nuts, soy, olive oil, canola, corn oil, and sunflower) rather than saturated fats (found in butter, fatty meat, coconut, and palm oils, cheese, ghee, and cream).
  • Drink 8–10 glasses of water every day. It helps to transport nutrients in the blood, gets rid of waste, and regulates the body temperature.
  • Avoid all fizzy, carbonated, concentrated juices, and all drinks which contain sugar.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle of exercise, meditation, and regular sleep. Adequate sleep will help to support immune functioning.

Unfortunately, by the time an individual gets a COVID-19 infection, the benefits of nutrition-based interventions can do little to mitigate or reverse the course of the disease. However, proper nutrition during COVID-19 can help improve immune responses and aid inflammatory processes.

How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown

In a time of uncertainty, we are directed to stock up on food, cleaning supplies, and other long term provisions. This is normal in times like these, but it is not healthy to make this a long term habit.

The entire world is at home…

We need to pay attention to some things to maintain our weight, even while our ability to move at home has decreased so much.

 

Create a Routine

First, create a routine for yourself to create a sense of normalcy. Creating routine saves you from uncertainty and helps you feel safer. This helps you balance your appetite automatically. You should go to bed before it’s too late and get up before it’s too late. Sleep is very important for metabolism. If you don’t sleep enough your body will be de-energized and will want to take energy from food.

How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown

Determine your mealtimes. Yes, you may not need to have breakfast as early as you would when you go to work, but it should still have a certain hour. Determine the hours of lunch, dinner, snacks. If your mealtimes are determined, you can avoid overeating. 

After setting meal times, set a time to try different healthy meals with the family or on your own. This helps you have some fun and a good time during this period. Home is where the kitchen is. So pass some time in the kitchen.

 

Avoid Unnecessary Stocking

When you go shopping, write down your list to avoid unnecessary stocking not to gain weight. Just take what you need and get more basic foods, like fresh vegetables, fruits, milk, yogurt, cheese, eggs, meat, nuts instead of junk food, pasta, flour, etc. If you buy junk food at home, it is difficult to avoid consuming them.

How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown

 

Focus on Healthy Nutrients

At this time your soul can crave carbohydrate dishes, like rice, pasta, bread, cakes, but we need protein during this period. Make sure that you have a colorful diet with proteins, such as meat, cheese, and eggs with huge salads. They keep us full and speed up our metabolism.

How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown

Have lots of vegetables and fruits you love in the fridge. Do not always snack on fruits, try to keep yourself full by snacking on your favorite vegetables, such as cucumbers, carrots, and radishes. You can also add protein sources, like nuts, milk, and yogurt to stay full for a longer time.

 

Importance of Drinking Water

When you are at home, you may think that it is not necessary to drink water, or you may not be as thirsty as before, but you always know the importance of water. Do not forget to drink at least 2 liters of water every day. Water will also help your appetite control.

Importance of Drinking Water

 

Add Herbal Teas in Your Daily Life

Drinking herbal teas can be beneficial during this time. Green tea and white tea may contribute to your metabolism. Lime blossom and sage both contribute to your health. They suppress your appetite. Cinnamon lovers can try to use cinnamon to keep their blood sugar in check.

Importance of Drinking Herbal Tea

 

Do Activities That You Like 

Try to find activities that will improve yourself, will be fun and distract you at home. Constantly following food accounts may increase your appetite a bit, so stop following. Find and try healthy recipes.

Healthy Recipe

 

 

Exercise

Staying home is a global requirement right now. Despite our movement’s sudden decline, our appetite starts to increase. Try to add exercise for at least 30 minutes daily. Those who want to lose weight should exercise for at least 40 minutes. Regular exercise will be good for both your morale and appetite.

How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown

 

Plan Your Day 

Plan your day with every detail. Ask yourself what you normally want to do at home and what you can do to turn this period into an opportunity. Create a list accordingly. Don’t give yourself time to feel bored, or you may fall into the trap of unnecessary snacking. In your spare time, it is always better to look at your list and choose an activity versus snacking all the time.

Weekly Planner - Plan Your Day

 

 

Keep a Diary of Nutrition

 When you have time, keep a nutrition diary. It is easier for you to control yourself. Do not forget to write down why you eat next to what you eat. This will create awareness in you and you will realize the emotions that push you to eat. When you want to eat something over time, you can ask yourself whether you are really hungry or not and correct your behavior.

 

Always remember, these days will also pass. Summer will come again and we will pay more attention to our weight. For now, may this virus stay away from us…

 

 

How Do We Protect Our Mental Health While the Pandemic Continues?

The year 2020 had a very hard beginning. The global climate crisis, environmental disasters, wars, earthquakes and the stress caused by the coronavirus have affected us all. Coronavirus (COVID-19) has serious psychological effects on society because it spreads very quickly and it is possible for it to result in death.

The stress of the virus is so great that it causes more intense symptoms than the virus itself. These symptoms are stress, anxiety, and panic. Everyone reacts differently to stressful situations. When there is an emergency, people’s emotional reactions change according to their life experiences and characters. For this reason, the responses of individuals can be different when faced with the threat of coronavirus.

Some people experience anxiety and panic, while others manage to remain calm. The social and economic conditions of the society in which a person lives also directly affects these reactions. Emotional responses to emergencies also depend on the news sources a person has access to. Continuously seeing images and news about the epidemic on all media platforms causes increased coronavirus stress. People with previous mental health problems, doctors, first-aid teams, other healthcare professionals, children, and support staff related to COVID-19 can react more intensely to coronavirus stress.

coronavirus stress mental health

Some Reactions Observed During the Coronavirus Outbreak

  •         Feelings of intense fear and anxiety about the health status of themselves and their loved ones.
  •         Changes in sleeping or eating patterns.
  •         Difficulty sleeping or concentrating.
  •         The symptoms of those with chronic health problems may worsen.
  •         Increase in the use of alcohol, tobacco or other drugs.
  •         Increasing emotional eating behavior to cope with coronavirus stress.

Coping with stress and anxiety in emergency situations and getting help when needed helps the recovery process. It is important to connect with your family, friends, and others, not staying alone, taking care of yourself and each other, and knowing when and how to seek help. In addition, it is important to not overshare the news and risks of COVID-19. I also would like to remind you that the people who have visited risky areas more than two weeks ago and haven’t shown any symptoms of the disease are not risking anyone’s health. If your coronavirus stress responses prevent your daily activities for several consecutive days, seeking medical and psychological support would be appropriate.

coronavirus stress

Resilience in Hard Times: Don’t Be a Victim of Coronavirus Stress

In such an epidemic, making recommendations such as “think positively” would be denying the truth. Some people give unreal reactions to traumatic stress such as “nothing will happen to me” or “everything will be fine”. However, denying the problem and being overly optimistic is a kind of defense mechanism.

What is important here is emotional resilience. Emotional resilience is not about optimism. Being too optimistic in extreme situations like coronavirus stress can even lead you to disaster. Survival begins with accepting the truth rather than optimism. I am not saying that optimism is a bad thing, in fact, it is very important not to lose a sense of hope. However, when there is a vital threat in the middle, what makes you strong and durable is accepting the truth and taking precautions – that’s what keeps you alive.

To protect your emotional resilience during this process, it is a good idea to:

Do a social media regime.

Do not view news and speculations about COVID-19 more than necessary. If necessary, put a time limit on your smartphone.

Take care of yourself.

Eat a healthy and balanced diet. Exercise regularly, even if you cannot go out. Get plenty of sleep. Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, drugs, and overeating.

 Feelings are temporary.

Know that intense emotions will pass (trust me) and take time to relax. Stop watching, reading or listening to the news. It can be sad to hear the news or see the images that can trigger coronavirus stress. Try to do some activities you like to add a sense of normalcy to your life.

mental health during coronavirus pandemic

Connecting is important.

It’s good to share your feelings and concerns (no matter how ridiculous) with family members and friends. Maintain healthy relationships.

Realistic optimism is healthy.

Accept the truth, take necessary precautions, and do not lose hope.

Create a meaningful life.

The ability to see facts is closely related to the second element of emotional resilience, “making sense of difficult times”. I’m sure you know those people who raise their hands in the air and ask the question “why me?” They see themselves as victims and, blinded by their complaints, miss the opportunity to learn from the difficulties they are in.

However, people who have strong emotional resilience tend to make sense of the pain they experience both for themselves and the people around them. Many researchers think that the mechanism of “making sense of the difficulties experienced” is a bridge that enables people with strong emotional resilience to overcome the difficulties they face today and to have a future built on a solid foundation. This bridge makes the present time “manageable”. It fights the feeling that the current moment is unbearable. Austrian psychiatrist Viktor E. Frankl, who escaped from the Auschwitz concentration camp, is the person who came up with this concept and made a very good observation about it. Frankl states that such difficult times can only be overcome by giving meaning to life in the days of suffering and grief.

healthy and meaningful

 

As a conclusion, no one is caught prepared for disasters and epidemics. Coronavirus stress caught all of us off guard. This situation causes anxiety and panic in society. It is very important to remain emotionally resilient, realistic, and hopeful while giving a meaning to life in such difficult times. Following the recommendations, I listed can be beneficial for you and your loved ones. Remember, nothing lasts forever, even the emotions you are experiencing right now. This, too, shall pass. I wish you healthy and meaningful days.

 

Related: Freelance Stress: How to Maintain Your Mental Health When You Work From Home

 

Coronavirus: What You Need to Know About COVID-19

It is very difficult for the media to provide up-to-date information on the rapidly changing COVID-19 outbreak. What started as atypical pneumonia in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in December 2019 was soon revealed to be caused by a new virus, COVID-19.


COVID-19 between human cells, viewed by a scanning electron microscope.

The Corona of COVID-19 

In the following days, epidemiologists revealed that the disease originated in the seafood market of Wuhan. It is no coincidence that we find these types of zoonotic viruses, viruses that come from animals, in similar markets.

In these markets, different animals that are not typically eaten such as snakes, large mice, bats, and wild cats, and farm animals such as pigs and chicken are sold side by side.

 

Virus Entering The Cell

What is the relationship between these sales and the outbreak of diseases such as SARS?

Viruses are protein capsules that contain either RNA or DNA. COVID-19 is a single-stranded RNA virus. The proteins in the sheath of the virus determine which cells it will enter, which means that every virus doesn’t connect to every cell. Therefore, different viruses cause different diseases in different organs. For example, common cold viruses cause infections of the upper respiratory tract while COVID-19 causes infection in the lungs.

How does it make this choice?

The antigens in the protein structure can only attach to the membranes of certain cells, in this case, those of the respiratory system. Think of these proteins as keys to our cells. As soon as they attach to the cell, they can enter through the cell membrane, just like a door opening with a key. If we have the antigens that protect against the virus proteins, also known as antibodies. Then our immune system already knows this particular virus due to previous disease or vaccination. The virus cannot enter our cells. That’s why vaccinations are so important.

How come our antibodies can’t stop COVID-19?

As previously mentioned, viruses don’t cause disease in every cell. Similarly, not all viruses cause illness in humans, and those that infect humans don’t necessarily infect animals.

So how does this transition work?

Some animals are susceptible to viruses that cause disease in both humans and animals. This means that they can get sick with both types of viruses.

Two viruses, only one of which can infect humans, enter the animal cell at the same time.

Which animals can affected?

Although these vary virus to virus, this situation can occur in chimpanzees, bats, pigs, and even poultry. These animals can contain both the human-infecting virus and animal-specific virus in their bodies at the same time. Both of these viruses can enter the target cells in that animal simultaneously, releasing their genetic material inside the capsules. This causes the animal to become a carrier of both pathogens.

Viruses cannot reproduce when they are not in a cell. They lie dormant, neither dead nor alive. Whether it lives or not depends on its ability to connect with a suitable host and enter its cells to replicate… On the rare occasions when both viruses release their genetic materials into the same cell at the same time, these genetic materials can mix and create a new virus that the human immune system has never seen before.

COVID-19 coronavirus

The combination of both viruses results in a new virus that can cause disease in humans.

A virus that has mutated in this way, with an antigenic drift or an antigenic shift, is now dangerous to us since we have never encountered it before. Our natural immune systems do not work against this mutant virus. We have no vaccines that will protect against it.

How contagious is this new virus? How deadly? What is its antigenic nature? What is the incubation period and what is the genomic code?

None of the answers are clear. That’s why our knowledge of new viruses, including COVID-19, is constantly changing. As the number of people getting sick increases, we learn what that virus is. Something that was believed to be a simple cold turned into a deadly infection in a short period of time.

 This is what we know about  COVID-19 at the time of this writing:

Cause of infection: COVID-19 is a RNA virus that is contagious among humans. It is genetically similar to the SARS virus by 79.5% and to the bat coronavirus by 96%. It is believed that the virus originated in bats and later passed to humans. However, the pangolin is thought to be the transmission animal in this case.

COVID-19 coronavirus sneezing

Contagion:

Airborne transmission of the virus from person to person is possible at close range. Droplets that contain the virus can easily initiate infections from a maximum of 6 feet (1.8 m) through coughing or sneezing. For this reason, sick people should wear masks, and everyone should wash their hands thoroughly and frequently. Although not proven, it is believed that virus transmission during the incubation period is possible…

On February 1, 2020, the World Health Organization issued a statement that asymptomatic cases can also be contagious. Links between Wuhan, where the disease started, and many crowded cities of the world were an important factor in the spread of the disease before the world realized what was happening. After the outbreak was identified, 33 million people were quarantined in Wuhan and Hubei Province. This quarantine was the largest quarantine in world history to that date.

The Chinese government set up a field hospital and quarantine center for 1000 people in five days. This was an important indicator of how seriously China took this outbreak. After the genomic structure of the virus was found, this genomic code was sent to the world’s leading laboratories so the search for a vaccine could begin.

 At the time of this writing (March 24, 2020), the condition of the disease is as follows:

COVID-19 death rate

Total number of cases: 392,255

Distribution of these cases: China: 81,171, Italy 63,927, USA 46,168,  Spain 39,673, Germany 30,150, Iran 24,811,

France 19,856, Switzerland 9,117, S. Korea 9,037, UK 6,650, Austria 4,791, Netherland 4,749, Belgium 4,269, Norway 2,647,

Australia 2,136, Canada 2,091, Portugal 2,060, Sweden 2,059, Brazil 1,960, Israel 1,656, Malaysia 1,624, Denmark 1,577,

Turkey 1,529, Chechia 1,289, Japan 1,140, Ireland 1,125, ….

Number of people who died from COVID-19: 17,147

Number of people who caught COVID-19 and recovered completely: 103,389

COVID-19 Case and Death Charts

Many countries are using quarantine measures to try to reduce the spread of the disease and minimize the rate of death.

What is the mortality rate?

According to current data from the World Health Organization, the mortality rate of the virus is 2.2%.

What is the contagion rate (R0)??

The current contagion rate is 3. This is a very high rate, so protection is very important.

Source: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus

COVID-19 coronavirus

How long is the incubation period?

The incubation period is estimated at 2-14 days, with three days being the average. Although some studies extend this to 24 days, researchers believe that this long period is caused by secondary infections, not by infection from a primary source.

Are masks protective?

No.  Wearing a non-medical face mask will not protect you from a direct cough or sneeze from an infected person. However, it can lessen the likelihood of spreading the virus by trapping the droplets when the wearer coughs or sneezes.

Diagnosis

The World Health Organization has published protocols for diagnosis.

What are these criteria?

Symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, shortness of breath, pneumonia spotted by tomography, and a decrease in blood values of leukocytes or lymphocytes.

It is very important whether patients with these complaints have traveled to the region where the disease originated. Or, if they have come into contact with people who recently traveled to that area. If this type of contact is suspected and the patient has symptoms of pneumonia, these individuals must be examined for the virus. A real-time RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction) test is required for blood or bronchial secretions. The results will be available anywhere from a few hours to a few days later.

Since Chinese scientists have shared the genetic sequence of COVID-19 with the world, many laboratories have been working to develop new PCR tests on this illness.

COVID-19 coronavirus vaccines

Treatment

Currently, COVID-19 has no specific forms of treatment.

Supportive treatments are being used. Oxygen support if oxygen levels are low, providing hydration, observation of fever, proper nutrition of the patient, and supporting the immune system are some of the methods.

Protection from Covid-19

The first step of protection is isolating people from risky regions for 14 days.

It is also very important to pay attention to hand-washing and the cleanness of the air we breathe as all kinds of disease agents are more intense in indoor environments and the spread of the disease becomes easier. Masks do not protect people who are not sick from the virus, but if sick people wear N95-type closed masks, they can protect those around them from infection. COVID-19 can contaminate through the air a maximum of 6 feet (1.8 m), but droplets on hard and shiny surfaces may remain highly infectious for up to 9 days.

Avoiding crowded places such as malls, schools, workplaces, and public transportation is recommended. In high-risk areas, good ventilation, frequent replacement of air filters, and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces are the most important preventive measures. 

Airports, hospitals, and other healthcare institutions especially should be clean and disinfect.

disinfection and sterilization

The ventilation of infectious disease departments in hospitals and their separation from other parts of the hospital are also vital for preventing transmission to patients with low immune resistance. Public transportation should be properly ventilated to avoid spreading droplets through the air.

Similarly, frequently-touched surfaces at airports and on airplanes, such as armrests and tray tables, should be wiped and disinfected. In hotels, devices such as telephones and remote controls must be cleaned since they could have been touched by an infected guest. Staff should be instructed on how to properly clean hard surfaces with soap and water or other types of disinfectants.

Individuals can help protect themselves with frequent and thorough hand-washing. After going out or touching any surfaces, it is important to avoid touching the face area with unclean hands. Maintaining a distance of 6 feet (1.8 m) between people may also help slow the spread of the virus.

COVID-19 coronavirus developing a vaccine

Developing  A Vaccine and COVID-19

Vaccine production has remained largely unchanged for 70 years. The virus was obtained from infected people and isolated., then injected into chicken eggs and incubated for several weeks. The multi-stage process took months or even years and was too slow for diseases that saw daily casualties.

Fortunately, in recent years, breakthroughs have been made. In 2013, the avian influenza outbreak, known for its H7N9 antigenic structure, was the first to use new technologies. This outbreak was largely contained thanks to a vaccine that was developed much faster than its counterparts.

National Medal of Science winner Craig Venter and Nobel Prize winner Ham Smith began working on a biological printer that would read and rewrite DNA codes. They obtained information from the Human Genome Project, which aimed to unravel the entire genetic structure of a person. The important thing when making a biological printer is that it must read the genomes correctly and also rewrite the codes without errors. The editing software that orders these letters precisely and creates the desired cell was also found during these studies. The ” novel application of isothermal in vitro recombination,” also called the Gibson Assembly, allows codes with more than a million letters to be written without a single error.

BioXp Biological Printer

BioXp Biological Printer

These technological developments resulted in the creation of a printer named BioXp in 2013. Thanks to this biological printer, a virus genome could send via e-mail to labs all over the world, thereby accelerating vaccine production. BioXp was printing in pieces, which process is still slow, but it was faster than before. Since BioXp’s invention,  a converter that converts digital data into biological material has been made. As a result, the incoming digital data can be transformed into a biological product in a short time, thus changing the way we make vaccines completely.

covid-19 Three-dimensional modeling of proteins that provided adhesion to the virus began.

Three-dimensional modeling of proteins that provided adhesion to the virus began.

Genetic engineers, molecular biologists, mathematics specialists, and computer software and hardware engineers all started working together. 3D modeling of viral proteins and the development of appropriate drugs and antibodies were aided by artificial intelligence,  allowing the duration of drug and vaccine development to shorten. Vaccine making revolutionizes with vaccines prepared faster than ever before. A report by the Reuters News Agency for the COVID-19 vaccine, based on the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, COVID-19 vaccine could be ready to start human experiments within three months. (https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-vaccines-idUSKBN1ZN2J8 )

While there are vital developments such as the preparation of vaccines in the digital world, we are also experiencing an epidemic of misinformation that is spreading faster than ever. Not a single day goes by without new false information appearing on social media platforms. Disaster scenarios, accompanied by attention-grabbing visuals, are often shared. For example, an image of Kate Winslet, a doctor in the movie “Contagion,” shared under the title of “a deceased doctor during the COVID-19 outbreak.”

Kate Winslet Contagion 2011

Kate Winslet Contagion 2011

The mutation rate of COVID-19 described in the same way as the virus that destroys humanity in the movie “The Strand” by Stephen King.

Misinformation is also rampant in the forms of suggestions on how to protect yourself against the virus or where it may have come from. Rumors ranging from using hot water or salt water to clean the throat to conspiracies that the virus is a commercial attack from various countries confuses the public and increases panic. Some “experts” are also guilty of spreading misinformation, causing people to search for medicines or “cures” that may even be dangerous.

COVID-19 has disrupted the lives of people all over the world and will continue to do so for months to come. But there are some things you can do to help protect your loved ones and yourself. Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap. Try to stay at home as much as possible, and practice social distancing if you must go out. Finally, get your information from a trusted source such as the World Health Organization.

 

Related: How to Not Gain Weight During the Coronavirus Lockdown