Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the most common types of infection in human beings. These are infections from microbes, which are microscopic organisms that can only be seen on a microscope—most of the UTIs result from bacteria. However, in some cases, UTI can be caused by viruses and fungi.
You can have a UTI in any part of your urinary tract, which includes your urethra, ureters, bladder, and kidney. In most cases, you will have UTI involving the bladder and the urethra. In rare cases, UTI can also affect the kidneys and ureters in the upper tract. Lower tract UTIs are more common than upper tract UTIs.
Symptoms: How do you know that you have UTI?
Here are some of the symptoms of UTI you should be aware of:
- Increase in urine urgency
- Bloodstains in urine
- Pelvic pain in women
- Burning sensations when passing urine
- Increase in urination frequency
- Men experience rectal pain
- Urine with a strong odor
If you are diagnosed with an upper tract UTI, you may have symptoms like vomiting, nausea, chills, fever, and pain and tenderness in the upper back.
Can You Treat UTI at Home?
You cannot treat UTI at home completely, but you can prevent it from happening and reduce its severity. If you want to reduce your risk of contracting a UTI, you should drink plenty of water to clear the UTI infection from your urinary bladder faster.
Also, you can include cranberries in your diet to help suppress the UTI infection. Some studies have shown that cranberries contain chemicals that can prevent bacterial UTI from attaching to the balder lining. This helps a lot in preventing UTI. If you’ve been having frequent UTI, you should not hesitate to include cranberries in your diet.
What to drink for a UTI
When you have UTI frequency or are already infected with a UTI, you should be careful what you eat. Some studies have linked body hydration to the risk of getting UTI. When your body is well hydrated, it increases the urination frequency, which means your body is more likely to flash out the bacterium causing the UTI.
Drink plenty water
In another study, scientists confirm that urine output is directly associated with recurrent UTI. If you want to stay hydrated throughout the day, you should drink the recommended amount of water. Make it a habit to carry a water bottle with you when outdoor.
According to a US National Academies of Sciences study, men should take about 3.7 liters of water while women should only drink 2.7 liters.
Stick with the usual 8 cups a day.
Cranberry juice is a magic fluid you should add to your diet if you have UTI. Although cranberry juice does not cure UTI, it reduces the risk of catching the disease. It can help to prevent UTI bacteria from spreading to your urinary tract.
The juice contains substances that prevent the UTI bacteria from sticking to your urinary tract so that it is excreted out through urine. However, this topic is still open to debate and further research.
Always take cranberry juice without alcohol if you want the best out of the drink.
Drink cold yogurt
Yes, yogurt can also help prevent the risk of UTI in humans. Your body needs probiotics and strong antibiotics as soon as possible when you are diagnosed with UTI. Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that live in your gut and support the immune system.
Yogurt is rich in probiotics. When you have UTI, you should take unsweetened yogurt to eliminate the bacteria in your urinary tract.
Foods to eat for a UTI
What you eat affects your body and health in many ways, right from weight loss, hair growth to bladder health. You can avoid UTI if you stick to a balanced diet. That means you should have the following foods in your diet to strengthens the immune system and can prevent the risk of UTI:
- Proteins; legumes
- Vegetables: broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage
- Foods rich in antioxidants; dark chocolate, blueberries, cranberries
- Smart drinks like green tea.
Foods to avoid for a UTI
When you have UTI, you should avoid the following foods:
- Avoid spicy food because it can irritate your urinary bladder and cause discomfort
- Until your infection is gone, you should avoid drinking coffee and taking alcohol