Everything You Need to Know About Urine pH

You’ve likely heard of pH at some point in your life, whether that be when checking pool chemicals, in science class, or, in regards to this post, in medical scenarios having to do with urine. pH is the measure of how acidic or basic something is. The range goes from 0-14, with 7 being neutral. If something’s pH is less than 7, that means it’s acidic. Likewise, if something’s pH is above 7, that means it is a base. It’s essential to know the basics of pH as it plays a vital role in all of our lives every day. 

This post will be exploring the basics of urine pH. Your urine’s pH must be on point, as if it is too high or too low, you can be at risk of various, severe medical conditions. With that being said, you should make it a point to check your urine’s pH often and be proactive, as this will help you to avoid any major issues down the line. Now, with recent medical innovations, you don’t have to go to a doctor or medical center to get your pH checked; you can do it right in the comfort of your own home. If the pH in your urine is off, this could be an indicator that something is wrong. In some cases, whatever is wrong could be major and potentially life-altering; however, the person may not have realized anything was wrong before check his or her pH.

When you know the basics of pH, you will better be able to live an overall healthier life. You will avoid any stressful medical conditions and will be able to rest easy, knowing that you are going above and beyond when it comes to your own health.  However, what if you don’t know anything about pH or how to check it? What if you didn’t even know that you could check your urine’s pH? This post will aim to give the average person a better understanding of ph and detail all one needs to know to maintain or achieve a healthy pH.

What is Urine pH?

Urine pH can be a complex thing to understand; however, everyone must have a good understanding of it.  Human urine is typically slightly acidic, with a range from 4.5 to 8 and typically around 6-7. Several different things impact your urine’s pH, such as your diet, diseases, and certain medicines.  If your urine pH is too high or too low, you could be suffering from a medical condition such as a urinary tract infection, kidney stones, etc.  By checking the pH of your urine and finding that it is abnormal, you may discover a health condition, that you need to change your diet, or that you should switch medications.

vivoo ph box

Related: Vivoo pH Box

Why Should We Test Urine pH?

Your urine pH can indicate many different things and may offer insight into something you wouldn’t have otherwise discovered.  When you find out the pH value of your urine, you will be able to make the appropriate lifestyle choices.  For example, suppose your urine is significantly alkaline.  In that case, your physician may advise you to get off of a certain medication or may prescribe you medication because it’s understood you have a urinary tract infection.  With that being said, one of the main factors affecting urine pH is diet.  Abnormal results indicate that a change should be made in one’s diet.  Checking your urine’s pH will allow you to be proactive and avoid the stress and physical pain of medical issues such as a UTI or kidney stone.

When to test your pH?

There are several times when it is crucial to check your urine’s pH, such as:

  • When you start a new medication
  • You think you may have a UTI
  • You think you may have a kidney stone
  • Depending on the way that you eat
  • You think you may have a kidney issue

However, it will be in your best interest to check your urine’s pH as regularly as possible, and with Vivoo, this is easy.

pH Levels

To understand what your pH levels are telling you, you need to know the very basics of normal and acidic pH levels. Here are some facts you should know:

Normal urine ph range

A neutral pH is 7.0, and most people’s urine pH level is around 6.0. However, if your urine pH is slightly below or above the optimal range, you shouldn’t be concerned.

Abnormal pH value in urine

An abnormal pH value can provide you with important information about what is happening in your body or how your diet affects your body, in this case, reasons such as dietary habits or the possibility of diseases should be evaluated.

Vivoo for testing urine ph

Causes of acid and alkaline urine pH

A high urine pH may be due to:

  • Kidneys that do not properly remove acids 
  • Kidney failure
  • UTI
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Vomiting
  • A diet high in vegetables and fruits, low in protein and grains

A low urine pH may be due to:

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Too much acid in the body fluids (metabolic acidosis)
  • Starvation 
  • High protein diet
  • Dehydration
  • Eating high in processed foods, especially sugar

What is the relationship between urine pH and dietary content?

Your diet can play a significant role in your urine’s pH. For example, if you follow a diet full of fruits, vegetables, legumes, and low in meat, you will likely have a high alkaline level. Or, if you consume mostly meat, your urine’s pH will likely be more acidic.

Diet’s PRAL and Effect on Urine Ph

PRAL stands for “Potential Renal Acid Load,” a measurement of the amount of acid the body produces due to diet.  PRAL is measured in 1 milliequivalent acid per day.   Positive PRAL values ​​indicate that more acid has been produced from ingested food.  Negative PRAL values ​​indicate that base has been produced in the body as a result of digested food.  When we mention “base” being produced, we are referring to base-forming solutions- mineral elements that are alkaline or basic in solution.   The body’s pH is the amount of acid relative to the amount of base.  

PRAL is helpful in estimating the effect of diet on urine acidity.  Acid is produced in the body as a result of normal processes such as digestion and metabolism.  Some dietary methods cause more acid buildup in the body than others. The lungs and kidneys tightly regulate whole-body pH to maintain a healthy life.  Therefore, the body first starts to work the kidneys and get help from the lungs in order to get rid of the acid buildup through urine.

Low-carbohydrate and high-protein diets increase the acid load and cause changes in the urinary system, but have little effect on the blood and pH levels.  Fruits, vegetables, and fruit juices are rich in alkali and have a low acid load and low PRAL score.  Cereal products, meat, milk, and fish products are low in alkalinity and have a higher acid load and high PRAL score.  Because adequate protein intake is essential in preventing the formation of osteoporosis and sarcopenia, increasing the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption may be more effective than reducing protein intake to achieve a healthy pH level. Unless there is a deficiency of some type of mineral, dietary practices which disrupt the acid and alkaline balance of the body should be avoided because they will increase the risks of disease.  If an imbalance results due to excess acid, it may be regulated by making minor changes to diet and lifestyle.

How to higher acidic urine pH

If you are looking for at-home ways to fix the acidity in your urine, try one of these tips:

  • Avoid consuming milk and other dairy products,
  • Consuming animal protein sources should be reduced, 
  • Consuming plant-based protein sources like legumes should be increased,
  • Vegetable and fruit consumption should be increased.

Alkaline foods include

As stated earlier, alkaline can majorly impact the body’s pH. Foods and their PRAL value that will alkaline in your pH include:

  • Watermelon ( -2)
  • Jalapenos (-4.3)
  • Basil (-10)
  • Garlic (-2.6)
  • Onion (-4.6)
  • Avocado (-8.6)
  • Mushrooms (-4.5)
  • Ginger (-7.8)
  • Soybeans (-5,7)
  • Tofu (-12.3)
  • Green beans (-3.1)
  • Bananas (-6.9)

Related: Are You too Acidic? Alkaline Foods to Correct pH Imbalances 

Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally  / normal urine ph

How to Lower Alkaline Urine pH

If  you want to work on lowering your alkaline levels on your own, here are some tips to help you do just that:

  • Add grains to your diet
  • Add high-protein foods to your diet

Related: Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally

Maximize Your Dietary Iron Intake

Some acidic foods to incorporate into your diet if you have high alkaline levels include

  • Red meats, (+12.5)
  • Poultry meats, (+7.5)
  • Fishes, (+5)
  • And other seafood,
  • Cheese (+5 <> +20
  • Milk (+ 0.2)
  • And other dairy products, 
  • Eggs, (+9.4)

Medical Conditions & Risks

There are all kinds of medical conditions and risks associated with your body’s pH, especially with your urine’s pH. Some medical conditions and risks are more severe than others; however, all should be taken seriously. If you think that you have a medical condition or are at risk of a serious illness correlated to your urine’s pH, seek medical attention right away.

If a person has a high pH level, some of the most common medical conditions that he or she should be concerned about include a UTI, kidney stones, or other related kidney issues. However, a person may have a high urine pH because of prolonged vomiting as this rids the body of stomach acid that helps regulate the body’s overall pH balance.

On the opposite side of the spectrum, when a person has low urine pH, this could be attributed to a specific medication, frequent diarrhea, starvation, or diabetes.

Urine pH role in diseases

Urine pH can indicate many different diseases, such as respiratory disease, diabetes, UTIs, and metabolic disorders. If you check your urine’s pH at home and find that it is consistently too high or too low, you should look into what that could be telling you. Your issue could be minor and easy to fix; however, it could also indicate some sort of disease. You should talk to your doctor about what kind of disease your abnormal pH could be an indication of.

Diseases and issues caused by an acidic pH

In addition to kidney stones, people with an acidic pH may suffer from the following complications if they do not get the appropriate medical attention:

  • Kidney disease
  • Bone disease
  • Delayed growth

National Hydration Day | June 23  

How can one prevent such things? Doctors recommend staying hydrated, monitor alcohol consumption, watch blood sugar levels, especially if you have diabetes.

Several different things could be to blame if your urine’s pH is overly acidic, such as:

  • Aspirin
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Dehydration
  • A high-protein diet that is also low carb; specifically low in fruit and vegetable carbs

Diseases and issues caused by an alkaline pH

Those with an alkaline pH are at risk of UTIs and kidney stones, however, they are also at risk of other more severe kidney issues. To lower the alkaline in one’s urine, he or she drinks 6-8 8oz glasses of water a day. However, if the alkalinity of one’s urine does not fix itself on its own, one may need to seek medical intervention, as he or she could become subject to:

  • Kidney stones
  • Frequent and painful UTIs
  • Other kidney-related disorders

Some of the main culprits of high alkaline pH in urine include:

  • Vomiting; rids the body of stomach acid
  • A diet high in vegetables and fruits
  • A medical condition
  • Medication
  • Asthma

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are among the most common issues associated with an imbalance in urine pH, but what exactly are kidney stones?

Vivoo Kidney Box

Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in the urine. Typically kidney stones do not cause any permanent damage, though they are often extremely painful as they pass through the urinary tract. When a person has a kidney stone, the only way for him or her to get rid of it is to pass it; though in rare cases, when a kidney stone is extremely large, one may have to have a medical procedure performed. If a person has a kidney stone, he or she will likely feel pain in the abdomen and feel nauseous.

To avoid getting kidney stones, one should stay hydrated and ensure that their urine’s pH is always in check. 

Related: Vivoo Kidney BOX

Understanding UTIs

UTIs, or urinary tract infections, are another one of the most common medical conditions associated with an abnormal urine pH. A UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, urethra, or bladder. Both men and women can get a UTI; however, they are more common in women. Often, UTIs will occur in the urethra or the bladder, though in more severe cases, they will occur in the kidneys.

UTIs can occur due to several different reasons, such as:

  • The shape of one’s urethra; women have shorter urethras, which makes it easier for bacteria to get into their bladders
  • Not urinating after sexual intercourse
  • Diabetes
  • Changes in hormones
  • Kidney stones
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Injury to the spinal cord

When one is experiencing a UTI, he or she will likely suffer from the following side effects:

  • Back pain
  • Nausea
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pelvic pain

The number one treatment for UTIs is antibiotics and ample amounts of water. Some people are more prone to getting UTIs than others. To prevent UTIs, one should check the pH of their urine regularly and make it a point always to stay hydrated. 

The Significance of Urine pH

Overall, staying on top of your urine’s pH is essential to living a healthy life.  With the innovations of Vivoo urine strips, people can check their urine’s pH regularly and make the appropriate lifestyle changes if they find that their pH is abnormal. 

Checking your pH regularly may save you from suffering painful or inconvenient medical issues, such as a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone.  Or, by periodically checking your urine’s pH, you may find a medical problem that you didn’t know you had.

It will be worth your while to invest in Vivoo so that you can stay on top of your urine’s pH. When you pay special attention to maintaining a healthy pH, you will improve your overall quality of life and will potentially save yourself the stress and physical pain down the line. 

Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally  

The pH scale is used to indicate the acidity or alkalinity of a liquid. While 7.0 pH indicates neutral, values lower than 7.0 are acidic and those higher than 7.0 are alkaline. The fluids in our bodies also have a wide range of acidity related to their functions. For example, the pH of the stomach ranges from 1.3 to 3.5, while the skin and vagina are between 4.0 and6.5. The pH value of urine can be between 4.5 and 8.0, and values in this range are considered to be normal urine pH levels. 

Optimal pH Value of Urine 

When we look at the kidneys, we see that they work as a filter to neutralize the blood pH from acids and alkalies and keep the blood pH between 7.35 and 7.45. Excess water, salt, electrolytes, and chemicals are excreted, which makes the urine a good indicator of overall health. 

An optimal urine pH is generally between 6.0 and 7.0. The American Association for Clinical Chemistry determines the average value of urine pH to be 6.0. As we mentioned in our Vivoo pH box blog, the daily nutritional consumption directly affects the acidity or alkalinity of your urine. Values lower than 7.0 are acidic, and values higher than 7.0 are alkaline. Generally, people tend to have more acidic urine due to their eating habits. 

Vivoo pH box - normal urine ph

Having the optimal pH balance is critical for the peak performance of hundreds of enzymes in our bodies. If your urine is acidic, adding more alkalizing foods to your diet will have a significant benefit to your health. Remember that it is important to maintain a healthy and balanced diet.

Acidifying foods:

  • Grains
  • Soda
  • Protein-rich foods
  • Foods high in sugar
  • Fish

Alkalizing foods:

  • Most vegetables
  • Most fruits
  • Nuts
  • Herbs

Water consumption, exercise, kidney health, diseases, and medications also can change the pH of your urine. 


A lower than optimal urine pH can be indicated by the following conditions:

  • Diabetes
  • Diarrhea
  • Starvation
  • Dehydration
  • Kidney stones

A higher than optimal urine pH can cause the following issues:

  • Vomiting
  • Kidney stones
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Kidney-related disease
  • Asthma

Why You Should Track Urine pH

Urine tests can give critical information about your overall health, showing whether you are living a healthy lifestyle or not. Protein intake, glucose intake, hydration, alcohol consumption, and exercise can affect your kidney function. With Vivoo strips,  you can test your urine and get more precise information and nutritional recommendations to have a more balanced urine pH.

Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally  

Why Make Urine More Alkaline

Changing your diet can cause urine pH to become less acidic, which can help support a healthy bladder. High acidity can lead to weakened body functions, causing inflammation, digestion problems, joint aches, muscle and bone loss, weight gain, sugar cravings, and brain fog. You can try these natural methods to make your urine more alkaline.

  1. Avoid alcohol and coffee.
  2. Reduce your red meat consumption.
  3. Increase hydration.
  4. Boost vegetable intake.
  5. Consume fewer fatty foods.

Keep in mind that these are general suggestions, and these foods can have different effects on different people. You can try a Vivoo test to get more personalized nutritional and lifestyle advice.


Related: Vivoo pH Box


Vivoo pH Box

Vivoo’s pH box measures urine’s acidity and alkalinity level, which is an indicator of dietary acid-base load as well as fruit, vegetable, and meat intakes.

What is acidic pH and alkaline pH?

pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of water-based fluid. Although blood pH is usually in a tight range between 7.35 and 7.45, every fluid in the body has a unique pH range. The stomach has the highest acidity (pH of 1.35 to 3.5) to aid in digestion and protect against opportunistic microbial organisms. The skin and the vagina are quite acidic as well (pH 4–6.5) to provide an acid mantle as a protective barrier to the environment against microbial overgrowth. Saliva normally has a pH range of 6.2-7.6, which prevents bad bacteria from growing and neutralizes acids in foods. Maintaining the pH values of different organs is critical for their function and the body’s pH balance. 


The human body has an amazing ability to maintain a steady pH in the blood due to very well-designed compensatory mechanisms. Indeed, it is not possible to change blood pH significantly through the diet; excess acidity is continuously removed from the body through the breath and urine to balance pH. However, even a slight increase or decrease in blood pH can be dangerous. 

Urine also has a unique pH range. The normal range for urine pH is between 4.5 and 8. A neutral pH is 7 with any number below that considered acidic. A urine pH above 7 is alkaline. The kidneys help keep the blood pH by filtering acids and alkaline compounds from the blood and releasing them into the urine.

Why Urine pH is Important? 

Urine pH carries valuable information about how your diet is affecting your body and how effectively your kidneys are working. 

In general, diet is the major factor that determines the pH. Besides, certain drugs and diseases can also have an effect.

Although more precise methods exist for the measurement of acid-base balance, urine pH is a reflection of this balance. In other words, the dietary acid-base load which is calculated from the acidity and alkalinity of foods consumed affects urine pH. Generally, a more alkaline diet (low dietary acid load), with a high fruit and vegetable intake and lower consumption of meat, is associated with a more alkaline pH. On the other hand, the high consumption of protein-containing foods, such as meats, cereals, and dairy foods, along with a low fruit and vegetable intake, forms high dietary acid load, thereby, a high acidic pH.

acidic pH

How Does Vivoo Measure the pH in Your Urine?

Vivoo measures your urine pH without the need for comparison with a color scale. IT tells if your urine is acidic, alkaline, or optimal. The advantages of measuring urine pH with Vivoo include convenience, cost, and the ability to test pH at home. What’s more, Vivoo suggests which foods to eat in order to balance your pH and help improve your health.


Related: Vivoo Water Box