What Causes Protein in Urine? 

Urine tests can tell many things about your overall health, from the presence of inflammation to dehydration. Healthy kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood and into the urine so they can leave the body. Important materials such as proteins and nutrients are returned to the bloodstream. If the kidneys are not functioning normally, protein may be detected in the urine, suggesting a kidney problem.  High levels of protein found in the urine may indicate the presence of a condition known as proteinuria.

Related: 6 Things Your Urine Can Tell You

What is Proteinuria?

Your blood contains proteins, and albumin is the main one found in your bloodstream. The proteins have several functions such as building muscles and bones, controlling fluid amounts in your blood, and prohibiting infections. Unless you consume so much protein that your body must excrete the excess amounts, proteins stay in the bloodstream so they can do these important tasks. Proteinuria occurs when there are high amounts of protein in the urine, indicating possible kidney disease. There are some conditions that may cause you to be more susceptible to proteinuria, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and a family history of kidney disease.

Causes of Proteinuria




-Intense exercise


-Kidney stones

-Using too much aspirin

-Low body temperature 

Certain medical conditions may increase the risk of having protein in urine. These include:


-High blood pressure

-Heart disease


-Sickle cell anemia

-Rheumatoid arthritis


In addition to these factors, having a family history of kidney disease, being above a certain age, and being overweight can also increase the risk of proteinuria. 

There are often no symptoms during the early stage of kidney disease so you may not even realize that you have protein in your urine. A simple urine analysis could be the answer to your questions about your kidney health. This test measures the amount of albumin in your urine and compares it with the amount of creatinine found there. If this ratio is high – more than 30 mg/g – you may have kidney disease. 

This is where Vivoo can really help you out. One of the parameters that Vivoo measures is protein in the urine. The Kidney Box gives information about kidney function according to the protein levels in your urine. If your score is 10, there is no protein in your urine. A score between 6 and 9 indicates that moderate amounts of protein have been found, and scores between 0 and 5 show that your urine contains high amounts of protein. If there are  high amounts of protein in your urine, it’s best to consult a doctor. 

Change Your Diet and Daily Habits


If high levels of protein are discovered in your urine, you might need to change your eating habits. The recommended diet is similar to a generally healthy diet that includes vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, lean proteins and low sodium. The main difference between this and a kidney disease diet is the limiting of protein intake.

diet for protein in urine

The following dietary suggestions may be beneficial for those with kidney disease:

-Increase your fiber intake by adding more vegetables, fruits, and whole grains to your diet.

-Reduce your red meat consumption. You can switch red meat with lean poultry or seafood. Try to limit your consumption to 6 ounces, and choose grilled or baked options when possible. 

-Minimize the amount of processed food consumed.

-Keep your daily sodium intake between 1500-2300 mg/day.

-Limit your consumption of alcohol.

The symptoms of kidney disease are hard to recognize, but you can minimize the risk by adjusting your diet according to these suggestions.

Daily Habits

Daily habits are also important in preventing protein in the urine and reducing the risk of developing kidney disease:

-Drink water in moderate amounts, such as 8-9 glasses per day.

-Exercise regularly. This will help you reach your healthy weight and lower your blood pressure. Be careful not to over-exercise as this will increase the protein amount in your urine.

-Do not use vitamin supplements and herbal extracts in excessive amounts.

-Quit smoking. Smoking damages blood vessels and decreases the blood flow to the kidneys.

-Check your kidney function and urine protein level regularly if you are at risk.

Drinking water

Overall Advice

Here are some tips to enhance your kidney health and overall health at the same time.

-Exercise regularly and be active.

Keeping active can control your blood sugar and blood pressure and improve your cardiovascular and kidney health.

-Eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight.

Being above your healthy weight will increase the chances of many diseases, kidney disease included. The nutritional content of your diet should be low in sodium and high in vegetables and fruits.

-Stay hydrated. 

Your kidneys need water in order to keep toxins and sodium out of the body. You should adjust your fluid intake according to your lifestyle, climate, exercise level, and body mass.

-Don’t smoke!

Smoking is harmful to your cardiovascular system and affects the blood flow into the kidneys. Giving up smoking will help keep your kidneys healthy.

Urine Color Chart: What The Color of Your Urine Says About Your Health


Urine color changes according to your health, hydration and nutrition. It can range from pale yellow to gold when you are healthy and hydrated but can have a different color and texture when there is a problem or because of something you consumed. Urine is the excess material that needs to be removed from your body, and it can give a lot of information about your health. That’s why you should be careful about the color of your urine. You will find more about the meaning of urine colors and what changes can be made. 

What Color Should Urine Be?

Healthy urine is generally pale yellow to gold. This yellow color comes from urochrome, which is the waste product from the breaking down of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin carries oxygen around your body. When it gets old, it is broken down and replaced with new red blood cells. The urochrome is then filtered from the blood by the kidneys and gives urine its color. 

Urine Color Chart and Vivoo Parameters

Urine color can indicate certain issues in the body but only to a degree. If serious illness is suspected, a doctor should be consulted for a complete urinalysis. However, if you are in good health and wish to check on your general wellbeing, you can start by testing your urine with Vivoo.

Water box: If your urine ranges from dark to very light yellow, check the Water box carefully to get information on your hydration level.

Kidney box: If your urine is foamy, check the Kidney box as you may have protein in your urine.

Liver box: If your urine is dark orange to brown, check whether you have bile in your urine by looking at the Liver box.

UTI box: If you have cloudy or reddish urine, check the UTI box to see if a urinary tract infection is indicated.

Colorless Urine

Colorless urine shows that you are drinking more water than your body needs. Even though it is advised to drink water, when you exceed the daily required amount, your electrolyte-water balance can be thrown off. You don’t need to worry, though. Just reduce your water intake. 

Related: The Ultimate Guide to How Much Water You Need to Drink

Pale Yellow or Gold Urine

Normal urine ranges in color from pale yellow to gold. Urine takes its color from urochrome. As you consume more water, the urine is diluted and its color lightens. Try to keep your urine color in this range to ensure optimal hydration.

Amber or Honey-Colored Urine

Amber to honey-colored urine is giving you the message that your body is dehydrated. If your urine color is darker than honey, your dehydration level is high so you should increase your water or liquid consumption. If your urine color doesn’t lighten, even after you increase your water intake for a period, you should consult your doctor.

Cloudy Urine

The main reason for cloudy urine is generally a urinary tract infection (UTI), but it may also indicate chronic disease, kidney problems, or dehydration. UTIs occur when bacteria amounts increase rapidly and your body sends white blood cells to the infected area. These white blood cells are later passed out of the body via the urine, resulting in a cloudy texture. If this condition continues for more than a few days, you should take a urinalysis and consult your doctor. 

Foamy Urine 

If your urine is foamy, it could mean that you have protein in your urine, which is an unusual condition. The kidneys should keep protein in your body, not filter it out. If you are seeing foamy urine for a while, you may have kidney disease caused by lupus or diabetes. The best thing to do is to take a urine test to see if you have protein in your urine. Then consult your doctor about the situation.  

Red and Pink Urine 

Even though a red or pink tint to urine may seem dangerous, it is usually due to something that can be cured. These colors can be due to blood in the urine caused by a urinary tract infection. Drinking water, eating cranberries, and practicing good hygiene will help to treat the infection. Some foods such as beets, blackberries or rhubarb can give pink or red hue to your urine as well. 

Dark Orange or Brown 

Liver or bile duct problems can cause dark orange or brown urine. When bile is present in the urine, it makes the urine color darker. Excess exercise may also make the urine brownish in color. Increasing your water intake and reducing the amount of exercise could help. However, if this urine color persists, you may have a problem in your liver. 

General Suggestion

Urine is the waste material that is filtered from the blood by the kidneys and then passed out of the body. The key is to regulate your hydration and nutrition when you see a change in urine color or texture If you are unable to change the abnormal color through diet, take a urinalysis and consult a healthcare professional about the issue. 

Everything You Need to Know About Urine pH

You’ve likely heard of pH at some point in your life, whether that be when checking pool chemicals, in science class, or, in regards to this post, in medical scenarios having to do with urine. pH is the measure of how acidic or basic something is. The range goes from 0-14, with 7 being neutral. If something’s pH is less than 7, that means it’s acidic. Likewise, if something’s pH is above 7, that means it is a base. It’s essential to know the basics of pH as it plays a vital role in all of our lives every day. 

This post will be exploring the basics of urine pH. Your urine’s pH must be on point, as if it is too high or too low, you can be at risk of various, severe medical conditions. With that being said, you should make it a point to check your urine’s pH often and be proactive, as this will help you to avoid any major issues down the line. Now, with recent medical innovations, you don’t have to go to a doctor or medical center to get your pH checked; you can do it right in the comfort of your own home. If the pH in your urine is off, this could be an indicator that something is wrong. In some cases, whatever is wrong could be major and potentially life-altering; however, the person may not have realized anything was wrong before check his or her pH.

When you know the basics of pH, you will better be able to live an overall healthier life. You will avoid any stressful medical conditions and will be able to rest easy, knowing that you are going above and beyond when it comes to your own health.  However, what if you don’t know anything about pH or how to check it? What if you didn’t even know that you could check your urine’s pH? This post will aim to give the average person a better understanding of ph and detail all one needs to know to maintain or achieve a healthy pH.

What is Urine pH?

Urine pH can be a complex thing to understand; however, everyone must have a good understanding of it.  Human urine is typically slightly acidic, with a range from 4.5 to 8 and typically around 6-7. Several different things impact your urine’s pH, such as your diet, diseases, and certain medicines.  If your urine pH is too high or too low, you could be suffering from a medical condition such as a urinary tract infection, kidney stones, etc.  By checking the pH of your urine and finding that it is abnormal, you may discover a health condition, that you need to change your diet, or that you should switch medications.

vivoo ph box

Related: Vivoo pH Box

Why Should We Test Urine pH?

Your urine pH can indicate many different things and may offer insight into something you wouldn’t have otherwise discovered.  When you find out the pH value of your urine, you will be able to make the appropriate lifestyle choices.  For example, suppose your urine is significantly alkaline.  In that case, your physician may advise you to get off of a certain medication or may prescribe you medication because it’s understood you have a urinary tract infection.  With that being said, one of the main factors affecting urine pH is diet.  Abnormal results indicate that a change should be made in one’s diet.  Checking your urine’s pH will allow you to be proactive and avoid the stress and physical pain of medical issues such as a UTI or kidney stone.

When to test your pH?

There are several times when it is crucial to check your urine’s pH, such as:

  • When you start a new medication
  • You think you may have a UTI
  • You think you may have a kidney stone
  • Depending on the way that you eat
  • You think you may have a kidney issue

However, it will be in your best interest to check your urine’s pH as regularly as possible, and with Vivoo, this is easy.

pH Levels

To understand what your pH levels are telling you, you need to know the very basics of normal and acidic pH levels. Here are some facts you should know:

Normal urine ph range

A neutral pH is 7.0, and most people’s urine pH level is around 6.0. However, if your urine pH is slightly below or above the optimal range, you shouldn’t be concerned.

Abnormal pH value in urine

An abnormal pH value can provide you with important information about what is happening in your body or how your diet affects your body, in this case, reasons such as dietary habits or the possibility of diseases should be evaluated.

Vivoo for testing urine ph

Causes of acid and alkaline urine pH

A high urine pH may be due to:

  • Kidneys that do not properly remove acids 
  • Kidney failure
  • UTI
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Vomiting
  • A diet high in vegetables and fruits, low in protein and grains

A low urine pH may be due to:

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Diarrhea
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Too much acid in the body fluids (metabolic acidosis)
  • Starvation 
  • High protein diet
  • Dehydration
  • Eating high in processed foods, especially sugar

What is the relationship between urine pH and dietary content?

Your diet can play a significant role in your urine’s pH. For example, if you follow a diet full of fruits, vegetables, legumes, and low in meat, you will likely have a high alkaline level. Or, if you consume mostly meat, your urine’s pH will likely be more acidic.

Diet’s PRAL and Effect on Urine Ph

PRAL stands for “Potential Renal Acid Load,” a measurement of the amount of acid the body produces due to diet.  PRAL is measured in 1 milliequivalent acid per day.   Positive PRAL values ​​indicate that more acid has been produced from ingested food.  Negative PRAL values ​​indicate that base has been produced in the body as a result of digested food.  When we mention “base” being produced, we are referring to base-forming solutions- mineral elements that are alkaline or basic in solution.   The body’s pH is the amount of acid relative to the amount of base.  

PRAL is helpful in estimating the effect of diet on urine acidity.  Acid is produced in the body as a result of normal processes such as digestion and metabolism.  Some dietary methods cause more acid buildup in the body than others. The lungs and kidneys tightly regulate whole-body pH to maintain a healthy life.  Therefore, the body first starts to work the kidneys and get help from the lungs in order to get rid of the acid buildup through urine.

Low-carbohydrate and high-protein diets increase the acid load and cause changes in the urinary system, but have little effect on the blood and pH levels.  Fruits, vegetables, and fruit juices are rich in alkali and have a low acid load and low PRAL score.  Cereal products, meat, milk, and fish products are low in alkalinity and have a higher acid load and high PRAL score.  Because adequate protein intake is essential in preventing the formation of osteoporosis and sarcopenia, increasing the amount of fruit and vegetable consumption may be more effective than reducing protein intake to achieve a healthy pH level. Unless there is a deficiency of some type of mineral, dietary practices which disrupt the acid and alkaline balance of the body should be avoided because they will increase the risks of disease.  If an imbalance results due to excess acid, it may be regulated by making minor changes to diet and lifestyle.

How to higher acidic urine pH

If you are looking for at-home ways to fix the acidity in your urine, try one of these tips:

  • Avoid consuming milk and other dairy products,
  • Consuming animal protein sources should be reduced, 
  • Consuming plant-based protein sources like legumes should be increased,
  • Vegetable and fruit consumption should be increased.

Alkaline foods include

As stated earlier, alkaline can majorly impact the body’s pH. Foods and their PRAL value that will alkaline in your pH include:

  • Watermelon ( -2)
  • Jalapenos (-4.3)
  • Basil (-10)
  • Garlic (-2.6)
  • Onion (-4.6)
  • Avocado (-8.6)
  • Mushrooms (-4.5)
  • Ginger (-7.8)
  • Soybeans (-5,7)
  • Tofu (-12.3)
  • Green beans (-3.1)
  • Bananas (-6.9)

Related: Are You too Acidic? Alkaline Foods to Correct pH Imbalances 

Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally  / normal urine ph

How to Lower Alkaline Urine pH

If  you want to work on lowering your alkaline levels on your own, here are some tips to help you do just that:

  • Add grains to your diet
  • Add high-protein foods to your diet

Related: Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally

Maximize Your Dietary Iron Intake

Some acidic foods to incorporate into your diet if you have high alkaline levels include

  • Red meats, (+12.5)
  • Poultry meats, (+7.5)
  • Fishes, (+5)
  • And other seafood,
  • Cheese (+5 <> +20
  • Milk (+ 0.2)
  • And other dairy products, 
  • Eggs, (+9.4)

Medical Conditions & Risks

There are all kinds of medical conditions and risks associated with your body’s pH, especially with your urine’s pH. Some medical conditions and risks are more severe than others; however, all should be taken seriously. If you think that you have a medical condition or are at risk of a serious illness correlated to your urine’s pH, seek medical attention right away.

If a person has a high pH level, some of the most common medical conditions that he or she should be concerned about include a UTI, kidney stones, or other related kidney issues. However, a person may have a high urine pH because of prolonged vomiting as this rids the body of stomach acid that helps regulate the body’s overall pH balance.

On the opposite side of the spectrum, when a person has low urine pH, this could be attributed to a specific medication, frequent diarrhea, starvation, or diabetes.

Urine pH role in diseases

Urine pH can indicate many different diseases, such as respiratory disease, diabetes, UTIs, and metabolic disorders. If you check your urine’s pH at home and find that it is consistently too high or too low, you should look into what that could be telling you. Your issue could be minor and easy to fix; however, it could also indicate some sort of disease. You should talk to your doctor about what kind of disease your abnormal pH could be an indication of.

Diseases and issues caused by an acidic pH

In addition to kidney stones, people with an acidic pH may suffer from the following complications if they do not get the appropriate medical attention:

  • Kidney disease
  • Bone disease
  • Delayed growth

National Hydration Day | June 23  

How can one prevent such things? Doctors recommend staying hydrated, monitor alcohol consumption, watch blood sugar levels, especially if you have diabetes.

Several different things could be to blame if your urine’s pH is overly acidic, such as:

  • Aspirin
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Dehydration
  • A high-protein diet that is also low carb; specifically low in fruit and vegetable carbs

Diseases and issues caused by an alkaline pH

Those with an alkaline pH are at risk of UTIs and kidney stones, however, they are also at risk of other more severe kidney issues. To lower the alkaline in one’s urine, he or she drinks 6-8 8oz glasses of water a day. However, if the alkalinity of one’s urine does not fix itself on its own, one may need to seek medical intervention, as he or she could become subject to:

  • Kidney stones
  • Frequent and painful UTIs
  • Other kidney-related disorders

Some of the main culprits of high alkaline pH in urine include:

  • Vomiting; rids the body of stomach acid
  • A diet high in vegetables and fruits
  • A medical condition
  • Medication
  • Asthma

What are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are among the most common issues associated with an imbalance in urine pH, but what exactly are kidney stones?

Vivoo Kidney Box

Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in the urine. Typically kidney stones do not cause any permanent damage, though they are often extremely painful as they pass through the urinary tract. When a person has a kidney stone, the only way for him or her to get rid of it is to pass it; though in rare cases, when a kidney stone is extremely large, one may have to have a medical procedure performed. If a person has a kidney stone, he or she will likely feel pain in the abdomen and feel nauseous.

To avoid getting kidney stones, one should stay hydrated and ensure that their urine’s pH is always in check. 

Related: Vivoo Kidney BOX

Understanding UTIs

UTIs, or urinary tract infections, are another one of the most common medical conditions associated with an abnormal urine pH. A UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, urethra, or bladder. Both men and women can get a UTI; however, they are more common in women. Often, UTIs will occur in the urethra or the bladder, though in more severe cases, they will occur in the kidneys.

UTIs can occur due to several different reasons, such as:

  • The shape of one’s urethra; women have shorter urethras, which makes it easier for bacteria to get into their bladders
  • Not urinating after sexual intercourse
  • Diabetes
  • Changes in hormones
  • Kidney stones
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Injury to the spinal cord

When one is experiencing a UTI, he or she will likely suffer from the following side effects:

  • Back pain
  • Nausea
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain while urinating
  • Pelvic pain

The number one treatment for UTIs is antibiotics and ample amounts of water. Some people are more prone to getting UTIs than others. To prevent UTIs, one should check the pH of their urine regularly and make it a point always to stay hydrated. 

The Significance of Urine pH

Overall, staying on top of your urine’s pH is essential to living a healthy life.  With the innovations of Vivoo urine strips, people can check their urine’s pH regularly and make the appropriate lifestyle changes if they find that their pH is abnormal. 

Checking your pH regularly may save you from suffering painful or inconvenient medical issues, such as a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone.  Or, by periodically checking your urine’s pH, you may find a medical problem that you didn’t know you had.

It will be worth your while to invest in Vivoo so that you can stay on top of your urine’s pH. When you pay special attention to maintaining a healthy pH, you will improve your overall quality of life and will potentially save yourself the stress and physical pain down the line. 

I’m Not On A Ketogenic Diet So Why Are There Ketones In My Urine?

The presence of ketones in the urine is a common complication of diabetes. If you’re sure that you don’t have diabetes, it’s the body’s normal adaptation to starvation. However, in an individual with diabetes, this situation is dangerous and life-threatening.

What Are Ketones?

Ketones are acids that the body makes when it burns its own fat. They’re made when glucose, the primary energy source, is short in supply. This occurs overnight or during dieting or fasting.

The liver converts fatty acids into ketones, which are then released into the bloodstream for use as energy. In people with diabetes, high levels of ketones in the blood can result from taking too little insulin, and this can lead to a particularly dangerous condition known as ketoacidosis.

Ketoacidosis is very risky for someone with Type 1 diabetes because they can develop dangerous levels of ketones. Ketoacidosis can also occur in someone with Type 2 diabetes if there is a major increase in insulin resistance, such as from an infection or treatment with steroids, or a reduction in insulin release from the pancreas.

Ketones can be tested by blood or urine. You can quickly check the ketone levels in your urine with Vivoo strip.

Related: Vivoo Ketone Box

What Causes Ketones in Urine Without Ketosis?

Ketones in the urine can be caused by several factors. These may include:

1) Diet

Grilled salmon food photography recipe idea

Dietary Preferences: People who are not on a ketogenic diet but prefer high fat and low carbohydrate foods may have ketones in their urine.

Fasting: In a person without diabetes, ketone production is the body’s normal adaptation to starvation. Starvation starts when you haven’t eaten for a prolonged period of time, for example 14-20 hours. This can occur at night or when fasting.

Eating disorders: Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa can also cause ketones to appear in the urine. In these individuals, starvation is one of the causes of severe ketoacidosis, even when the patient denies diet restriction. 

2) High Amounts of Exercise

Workout group class at the gym

Post-exercise ketosis was first described by Forssner. When someone overtrains, the need for respiratory fuel increases, and blood-glycerol and plasma-free fatty acid (FFA) levels rise. The increased concentration of FFA and the depletion of glycogen cause an increased rate of ketone body formation in the liver. During exercise, the extra ketone bodies serve as fuel for respiration and don’t accumulate. After exercise, the raised concentration of FFA results in post-exercise ketosis. 

3) Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Glasses of rose wine. Visit Kaboompics for more free images.

Drinking too much alcohol is another reason for ketones in the urine. Alcoholic ketoacidosis can develop when you drink excessive amounts of alcohol for a long period of time. The overconsumption of alcohol often causes an inadequate intake of nutrients as meals may be eaten irregularly. People who drink too much may also vomit, further depleting the body of nourishment. Not eating enough or vomiting can lead to periods of starvation, which can then lead to alcoholic ketoacidosis. 

4) Other Factors

Other causes of ketones in urine are:

  • illness or infection
  • pregnancy
  • fever
  • medications, such as corticosteroids and diuretics
  • prolonged vomiting and diarrhea
  • eclampsia


Ketones in urine can be caused by many factors. If you have ketones in your urine, the first place to look is at your diet. What you eat and drink is very important. You may be able to remedy the situation by making dietary changes, or there may be a more serious cause. See your doctor immediately if you think you might have ketonuria.

Lifestyle Suggestions

Suggestions for ketones in urine:

  • Monitor your blood glucose levels.
  • Test your ketones regularly.
  • Reduce your alcohol consumption.
  • Follow a healthy diet plan.

Related: The Top 3 Ways That You Can Improve Your Health Using the Vivoo App


6 Things Your Urine Can Tell You

Your urine has a lot of hidden information about your overall health, so you need to take a closer look to identify this. Basically, urine is the filtered residue of wastes, extra water, and excess substances from your blood. Your kidneys filter the excess material from your blood and that’s why you can see what is more or less than needed in your body from your urine analysis. Urine analysis provides you information on urinary tract infections, your hydration level, kidney health, liver health, your diet, exercise level, and much more. If you want to dive into the secrets of your urine, here are the topics we have prepared for you.

1) UTI

Urinary Tract Infection is the overall name for an infection in your kidneys, bladder, ureters, or urethra. The cause of UTIs is generally bacteria entering the urinary tract and multiplying in the bladder. If you have bacteria in your bladder and urine analysis, it means you have an infection. 

The symptoms that you can notice are:

  • Having the urge to urinate frequently
  • Pain during urination
  • Frequent and small amounts of urination
  • Cloudy, red, bright pink, or dark-colored urine
  • Strong urine odor

If you have these symptoms for a period of time you may consult your doctor for a suitable treatment.

Things to do to prevent UTIs

  • Drink water: The more you drink, the more you will flush out bacteria through urine.
  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Wipe from front to back to prevent bacteria from passing after a bowel movement
  • Empty your bladder after intercourse
  • Don’t use irritating feminine hygiene products

2) Hydration

Woman Drinking Water

Urine analysis gives information on your hydration level and there are several indicators. Color, clarity, and specific gravity gives hints on your level of dehydration. If you don’t have a primary disease that affects your urine, urine color is also an indicator that can show your hydration.

  • Yellow and light yellow are considered normal, 
  • Transparent is over hydrated 
  • Orange and darker colors are dehydrated. 

If you are dehydrated or over hydrated your electrolyte balance in your body can’t be sustained. When you over hydrate, the electrolyte content of your body is diluted meaning sodium, potassium, chloride, magnesium, and calcium concentration drops in your body. On contrary, if you are dehydrated, your body lacks water and the concentration of electrolytes is higher than normal. Overall, this can lead to kidney and urinary problems.

The second step is the urine analysis test that checks your urine specific gravity. This test compares the density of your urine with the density of water. This way you can find out the dilution level of your urine and kidney function. If the concentration is too high, it means you are not hydrating well or your kidneys are not functioning properly.

Tips to hydrate:

  • Carry a reusable bottle and add lemon to your water
  • Increase fruit and vegetable intake
  • Reduce salty and sugary food intake

3) Kidney Health


Kidneys are the organs that filter our blood and excrete excess materials via urine. They filter waste and impurities, regulate pH, salt, and potassium levels, and produce hormones. So maintaining kidney health is very important for overall well-being. Unfortunately, kidney diseases can remain hidden very well because there are no observed symptoms until at an advanced stage. However, urine analysis can provide insights into your kidney health. Albumin (protein) and creatinine ratio tests will be helpful in identifying and tracking kidney diseases.

Kidney diseases are not 100% preventable as genetic factors are dominant but you can reduce the chances:

  • Manage conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, that may lead to kidney diseases
  • Quit smoking 
  • A balanced diet contains, vegetables, fruits, grain, dairy, protein sources, and healthy fats.
  • Reduce alcohol intake
  • Exercise to lower your blood pressure and reduce the chances of kidney disease
  • You may get regular check-ups if you are at risk of developing kidney disease

4) Liver Health 

Liver for Urine

You can also learn more about your liver health from your urine analysis. The substance that will give you this information is bilirubin. Bilirubin is made while the body breaks down red blood cells, which is a normal process. A healthy liver can remove most of the bilirubin from your body, but if your liver isn’t functioning well, the bilirubin can leak into our blood and then to urine. So if you see bilirubin in your blood analysis, you might have a problem with your liver.

Another substance in urine analysis that you should check regarding liver health is urobilinogen. When the amount of bilirubin reduces, urobilinogen forms. Normally urine has some urobilinogen but if this amount goes beyond the normal range, your liver might not be working well. 

Liver health and tracking an existing liver problem is very important for your health. Watch out for these symptoms of potential liver disease and consult your doctor before it reaches a life-threatening level:

  • Skin and eyes become yellowish
  • Swollen abdomen, legs, and ankles 
  • Abdominal pain
  • Itchy skin
  • Urine color becomes dark
  • Pale stool
  • Nausea and feeling tired
  • Loss of appetite 

Some advice to follow in order to reduce the risk of liver disease:

  • Limit your alcohol consumption
  • Use medication wisely
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Maintain a high level of hygiene

5) Diet Tips

You can change your lifestyle in order to enhance the excretory system and liver health. One major change would be reshaping your nutrition. There are some cases that you might need to change your diet a little bit different from generally recommended diets.

Ketone in Urine Analysis

If you see ketone in your urine this means that your body is burning fat for energy because you don’t have enough glucose. Normally the body uses carbohydrates for energy, but when your body lacks carbs, fats become the number one fuel. If you don’t follow a ketogenic diet and you have high ketone levels, this could be due to:

  • Metabolic abnormalities like diabetes mellitus, renal glycosuria, or glycogen storage 
  • Fasting 
  • Skipping meals 
  • Starvation for long hours

You might consider to arrange your meal times or increase the carbohydrates in your diet

 Urine pH

If the Ph of your urine is outside the normal range, you might consider changing your diet. The body excretes excess substances via urine. So if your urine is too acidic this means that you consume high amounts of acid and if your urine is too alkaline you consume high amounts of alkaline food. The optimal urine pH range is 4.5-8.0. If you are below this range, your urine is too acidic so you can switch to more alkaline foods. On the contrary if your urine is above this range, your urine is too alkaline and you need to consume more acidic foods.

Acidic foods:

  • grains
  • fish
  • sodas
  • high-protein foods
  • sugary foods

Alkaline foods:

  • nuts
  • vegetables
  • most fruits

A balanced and healthy diet will help you to reach the average healthy urine pH of 6.0-7.0.

Related: Making Your Urine More Alkaline Naturally