Posts

Vivoo Liver Box

The Vivoo Liver Box is used to track liver health and monitor the state of liver function. This is done by measuring the level of bilirubin in the urine and from the results, establishing what the state of the liver is and what should be done, if anything, to improve liver health.

The Importance of the Liver

The liver is one of the most important, and largest organs in the human body. It is also the body’s heaviest organ and is responsible for vital functions. For example, the liver makes bile, builds proteins, processes nutrients, metabolizes drugs, and gets rid of toxins. It has other vital functions like breaking down fat and producing cholesterol, boosting immunity, and converting glucose to glycogen. Let’s look at these functions in a little more detail:

Building Proteins

The liver builds different kinds of proteins; like the type of protein responsible for clotting of the blood in the body.

Processing Nutrients from Food

The nutrients we digest are processed in the liver, according to the body’s needs, while some are stored in the form of energy.

Getting Rid of Toxins

All blood flows through the liver, and while this happens, the liver metabolizes all of the toxins in the blood, such as proteins, damaged cells, and old hormones.

Related: 5 Ways to Detoxify Your Body

Making Bile

The liver produces bile which is necessary to digest food. After its production, it is stored in a sac known as the gallbladder.

Liver Diseases

Liver diseases are all conditions that affect the liver. They may develop for various reasons, but they are all harmful and will lead to a deterioration in liver function. Since the liver is a highly vital part of the body and has a critical function, it is a life-threatening situation when or if it becomes diseased.

Symptoms

There may not always be visible signs and symptoms, and sometimes, these symptoms may be different depending on the cause. However, if there are signs and symptoms, then these general symptoms may include:

  • Jaundice
  • Dark urine
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Chronic Weakness and Fatigue
  • Decreased appetite

Risk Factors of Liver Diseases

Certain factors increase the likelihood of developing certain liver diseases.  The most well-known risk factor is heavy drinking.

Some risk factors include:

  • Being overweight
  • Getting piercings or tattoos using non-sterile needles
  • Exposure to pesticides or toxins
  • Taking herbs or supplements, especially in large amounts
  • Having a family history of liver disease

Detection of Liver Disease 

Liver disease can be detected through liver function tests, either via blood tests or urinalysis. These tests measure protein or enzyme levels in the blood or urine, to ascertain how well the liver functions are being carried out, which include: clearing bilirubin, producing protein, and others. 

How can urine provide information about the liver?

The liver metabolizes harmful substances. The by-products formed here are thrown into bile or blood. Bile by-products enter the intestine and leave the body in the form of feces. Blood by-products are filtered by the kidneys and leave the body in the form of urine. Any problem with all this physiological flow can cause changes in the biomarkers such as bilirubin and urobilinogen in the urine, indicating liver disease.

How does Vivoo measure and monitor liver function?

Vivoo measures the level of bilirubin in your urine to monitor liver function. It controls potential risks that could affect the optimal function of the liver and provides nutritional advice.

liver box

What does the presence of bilirubin in urine indicate?

Bilirubin is found in bile fluid which helps digest foods under the liver’s control. If your liver is healthy, it will excrete most of the bilirubin out with your feces. However, if your liver is damaged, bilirubin can leak into the blood and urine. Bilirubin in the urine can be a symptom of liver disease.

Vivoo Kidney BOX

Vivoo’s Kidney Box is one of the main parameters. It helps to keep track of the kidneys and shows the state of kidney function based on proteins in the urine.

Importance of Kidneys

Our kidneys play essential roles to make our body function properly, including:

  • Removing wastes from the body 
  • Filtering the blood plasma
  • Releasing hormones to control blood pressure
  • Stimulating red blood cell production
  • Activating vitamin D to maintain bone health.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Kidney disease may occur if the kidneys damaged and can’t filter the blood the way they should. There are usually no symptoms in its early stages. Furthermore, it can become chronic if the damage is not treated for a long period of time.

CKD is a major health problem that affects approximately 13 percent of the United States population. Today, one in three American adults are at risk for kidney disease. Around 30 million American adults have kidney disease, and most of them don’t even know it yet.

kidneys

Risk Factors of CKD

CKD can be caused by:

  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Environmental poisons

Some factors increase the risk of developing CKD, such as:

  • Inactivity
  • Family history
  • Aging
  • Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption

Since early kidney disease usually doesn’t have any symptoms, people who have these risk factors should get tested.

Detection of CKD

CDK can be diagnosed via blood and urine tests. A blood test checks how well your kidneys are filtering your blood by looking at the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) while a urine test checks the urine protein (proteinuria), which is one of the first signs of kidney disease.

 

How Does Vivoo Measure and Track the Kidney Function

Urine is a key health indicator for many diseases, including CKD. Healthy kidneys usually do not allow the
protein to pass through their filters. However, protein leaks from the blood into the urine, if filters are damaged by kidney disease.

Vivoo’s kidney parameter measures the level of protein in the urine. In addition, small fluctuations of protein levels in the urine are not a cause for concern since they may be temporary due to exercise, stress, or fever. But a high amount of urine protein (or proteinuria), especially in the long term, may indicate that there is a kidney problem.

Above all, Vivoo lets you track kidney function weekly, see any risk or reduction in optimal kidney function, and give nutritional advice accordingly.

 

Related: Vivoo UTI Box

Vivoo pH Box

Vivoo’s pH box measures urine’s acidity and alkalinity level, which is an indicator of dietary acid-base load as well as fruit, vegetable, and meat intakes.

What is acidic pH and alkaline pH?

pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of water-based fluid. Although blood pH is usually in a tight range between 7.35 and 7.45, every fluid in the body has a unique pH range. The stomach has the highest acidity (pH of 1.35 to 3.5) to aid in digestion and protect against opportunistic microbial organisms. The skin and the vagina are quite acidic as well (pH 4–6.5) to provide an acid mantle as a protective barrier to the environment against microbial overgrowth. Saliva normally has a pH range of 6.2-7.6, which prevents bad bacteria from growing and neutralizes acids in foods. Maintaining the pH values of different organs is critical for their function and the body’s pH balance. 

 


The human body has an amazing ability to maintain a steady pH in the blood due to very well-designed compensatory mechanisms. Indeed, it is not possible to change blood pH significantly through the diet; excess acidity is continuously removed from the body through the breath and urine to balance pH. However, even a slight increase or decrease in blood pH can be dangerous. 

Urine also has a unique pH range. The normal range for urine pH is between 4.5 and 8. A neutral pH is 7 with any number below that considered acidic. A urine pH above 7 is alkaline. The kidneys help keep the blood pH by filtering acids and alkaline compounds from the blood and releasing them into the urine.

Why Urine pH is Important? 

Urine pH carries valuable information about how your diet is affecting your body and how effectively your kidneys are working. 

In general, diet is the major factor that determines the pH. Besides, certain drugs and diseases can also have an effect.

Although more precise methods exist for the measurement of acid-base balance, urine pH is a reflection of this balance. In other words, the dietary acid-base load which is calculated from the acidity and alkalinity of foods consumed affects urine pH. Generally, a more alkaline diet (low dietary acid load), with a high fruit and vegetable intake and lower consumption of meat, is associated with a more alkaline pH. On the other hand, the high consumption of protein-containing foods, such as meats, cereals, and dairy foods, along with a low fruit and vegetable intake, forms high dietary acid load, thereby, a high acidic pH.

acidic pH

How Does Vivoo Measure the pH in Your Urine?

Vivoo measures your urine pH without the need for comparison with a color scale. IT tells if your urine is acidic, alkaline, or optimal. The advantages of measuring urine pH with Vivoo include convenience, cost, and the ability to test pH at home. What’s more, Vivoo suggests which foods to eat in order to balance your pH and help improve your health.

 

Related: Vivoo Water Box

 

 

Vivoo Water Box

Drinking fluids is vital to staying healthy and maintaining the function of each system in your body, including your heart, brain, and muscles. Fluids also help carry nutrients to your cells, flush bacteria from your bladder, and prevent constipation.

Body water balance (hydration) represents the net difference between fluid intake and loss. Large changes in fluid intake are controlled by the kidneys, which can produce more or less urine depending on changes in body fluid volumes. Dehydration (body water deficiency) takes place when your body loses more fluid than you drink. On the other hand, overhydration (too much water in the body) happens when your body takes in more water than it excretes.

Some of the benefits of staying hydrated include:

  • Regulating body temperature.
  • Promoting cardiovascular health.
  • Helping muscles and joints work better.
  • Cleansing the body.
  • Helping brain function.
  • Maximizing physical performance.
  • Helping digestion and absorption.

Vivoo’s Water box is designed to assess the user’s hydration status and give comprehensible insights.

It shows your hydration level and gives suggestions about:

  • How much water your body needs daily
  • How to reach your optimal hydrated state.
  • What can you do to stay hydrated
  • How to maintain your body’s electrolyte balance

How Does Vivoo Assess Hydration From Urine?

Kidneys maintain a healthy fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. Excess water and minerals excrete from the body via urine. Using urine markers, such as osmolality, specific gravity, or color, is one of the hydration assessment techniques that have reliable, reasonably definable thresholds. 

The urine specific gravity test compares the density of urine to the density of water. Just like urine color, urine specific gravity changes according to your hydration status like dehydration, overhydration, or being in a well-hydrated state. Since urine color can influence by different factors like diet, drugs, and infections, analyzing urine specific gravity can give a more precise measurement of the hydration status.

That’s why Vivoo measures urine specific gravity, to acquire information about your hydration status (the body’s water balance). 

 

Related: Vivoo‌ ‌Energy‌ ‌Box ‌

 

 

Vivoo Ketone Box

Vivoo’s Ketone box gives insights about the presence of ketones in the urine. Normally, no ketones are expected in the urine. However, if‌ ‌you‌ ‌are‌ ‌following‌ ‌a‌ ‌‌ketogenic‌ ‌diet,‌ ‌‌this‌ ‌box‌ ‌can help you to ‌track ‌your‌ ‌ketosis ‌state.‌ ‌

What‌ ‌are ‌Ketones?‌

The human body primarily uses glucose for energy. When‌ ‌your‌ ‌cells‌ ‌don’t‌ ‌get‌ ‌the‌ ‌glucose‌ ‌they‌ ‌need‌,‌ or‌ the body doesn’t have enough insulin to use glucose, your‌ ‌body‌ ‌begins‌ ‌to‌ ‌burn‌ ‌fat‌ ‌instead. ‌This, in turn, produces‌ ‌ketones.‌ Ketones‌ ‌are‌ ‌chemicals‌ ‌that‌ ‌the‌ ‌body‌ ‌creates‌ ‌when‌ ‌it‌ ‌breaks‌ ‌down‌ ‌fat‌ ‌to‌ ‌use‌ ‌for‌ ‌energy.‌ This means you make ketones when you don’t have enough stored glucose (or sugar) to turn into energy.  

Vivoo‌ Energy ‌Box ‌- Ketone Tracker

The breakdown of fat for energy and producing ketones is a normal process for everyone. Normally, the body produces only small quantities of ketones. But starvation, a ketogenic diet, or some chronic conditions like diabetes may result in increased ketones forming in the blood and eventually spilling into the urine.

What Does My Result Mean?

Ketones‌ ‌which‌ ‌are‌ ‌not‌ ‌used‌ ‌for‌ ‌energy‌ ‌spill‌ ‌into‌ ‌the‌ ‌urine.‌ ‌Starvation,‌ ‌low-carbohydrate‌ ‌diets,‌ ‌certain‌ ‌diseases,‌ ‌and‌ ‌problems‌ ‌in‌ ‌carbohydrate‌ ‌metabolism‌ ‌may‌ ‌cause‌ ‌ketone‌ ‌production.‌ Ketone‌ ‌bodies‌ come‌ ‌in‌ ‌two‌ ‌main‌ ‌forms:‌ ‌BHB‌ ‌and‌ ‌AcAc.‌ ‌BHB‌ ‌is‌ ‌the‌ ‌dominant‌ ‌ketone‌ ‌and‌ ‌increases‌ ‌relative‌ ‌to‌ ‌AcAc‌ ‌during‌ ‌ketosis.‌ ‌Vivoo‌ ‌test‌ ‌strips‌ ‌measure‌ ‌the‌ ‌urine’s‌ acetoacetate ‌(AcAc)‌ ‌level.‌ ‌When‌ ‌you‌ ‌start‌ ‌to‌ ‌produce‌ ketones, ‌you‌ ‌may‌ ‌feel‌ ‌weak‌ ‌and‌ ‌fatigued.‌ 

Vivoo‌ Energy ‌Box ‌- Ketone Tracker

‌For‌ ‌a‌ person‌ ‌without‌ ‌diabetes,‌ ‌ketone‌ ‌production‌ ‌doesn’t‌ ‌become‌ ‌an‌ ‌issue.‌ ‌However, ‌when‌ ‌you‌ ‌have‌ ‌diabetes,‌ ‌things‌ ‌can‌ ‌run‌ ‌out‌ ‌of‌ ‌control‌ ‌and‌ ‌too‌ ‌many‌ ‌ketones‌ ‌can‌ ‌build‌ ‌up‌ ‌in‌ your‌ ‌blood.‌‌ ‌‌High‌ ‌levels‌ ‌of‌  ketones increase‌ ‌acidity‌ ‌and‌ ‌may‌ ‌be‌ ‌dangerous‌ ‌for‌ ‌the‌‌ body.‌ ‌‌That’s why urine‌ ‌ketone‌ ‌testing‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌advantageous‌ ‌for‌ ‌early-diagnosis‌ ‌in‌ ‌diabetes.‌

How Does Vivoo Measure Ketosis?

The‌ ‌ketogenic,‌ ‌or‌ ‌keto ‌diet‌ ‌is‌ ‌a‌ ‌low-carb,‌ ‌high-fat‌‌, and‌ ‌moderate-protein‌ ‌diet.‌ ‌A ‌common‌ ‌goal‌ ‌of‌ ‌people‌ ‌on‌ ‌the‌ ‌keto‌ ‌diet‌ ‌is‌ ‌to‌ ‌achieve‌ ‌ketosis,‌ ‌which is a‌ ‌natural‌ ‌state‌ ‌where ‌your‌ ‌body‌ ‌burns‌ ‌fat‌ ‌for‌ ‌fuel.‌ ‌However,‌ ‌it‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌difficult‌ ‌to‌ ‌determine‌ ‌whether‌ ‌your‌ ‌diet‌ ‌needs‌ ‌adjusting‌ ‌to‌ ‌reach‌ ‌and‌ ‌maintain‌ ‌ketosis.‌ ‌‌Because of that, Vivoo ‌strips‌‌ ‌can‌ ‌be‌ ‌used‌‌ to‌ ‌measure‌ ‌your‌ ‌ketosis‌ ‌level.‌ ‌Using‌ ‌Vivoo‌ ‌is‌ ‌a‌ ‌fast,‌ ‌cheap,‌ ‌and‌ ‌convenient‌ ‌method‌‌ compared‌ ‌to‌ ‌blood-testing‌ ‌when‌ ‌following‌ ‌a‌ ‌ketogenic‌ ‌diet.‌ ‌Vivoo‌ ‌gives‌ ‌you‌‌ personalized‌ ‌advice‌ ‌to‌ ‌get‌ ‌into‌ ‌ketosis‌ ‌and‌ ‌maintain‌ ‌it‌ ‌according‌ ‌to‌ ‌your‌ ‌urine‌ ‌ketone‌‌ levels.‌

Vivoo‌ Energy ‌Box ‌- Ketone Tracker

If‌ ‌you‌ ‌want‌ ‌to‌ ‌check‌ ‌your‌ ‌day-to-day‌ ‌urine‌ ‌ketone ‌levels,‌ ‌the‌ ‌‌best‌ ‌times‌ ‌are‌ ‌in‌‌ ‌the‌ ‌early‌ ‌morning or‌ ‌the‌ ‌late‌ ‌evening‌ ‌after‌ ‌dinner.‌ ‌Vivoo’s‌ ‌urinalysis‌‌ is‌ ‌a‌ ‌good‌ ‌tool‌ ‌to‌ ‌measure‌ ‌whether‌ ‌you‌ ‌are‌ ‌in‌ ‌ketosis‌ ‌during‌ ‌the‌ ‌first‌ ‌few‌ ‌weeks‌ ‌of‌ ‌going‌ ‌keto.‌ ‌During‌ ‌this‌ ‌time,‌ ‌your‌ ‌body‌ ‌can’t‌ ‌use‌ ketones ‌efficiently‌ ‌for‌ ‌energy.‌ ‌Therefore, ‌‌your‌ ‌body‌ ‌passes‌ ‌them‌ ‌out‌ ‌through‌ ‌the‌ ‌urine.‌ ‌But‌ ‌as‌ ‌you‌ ‌get‌ ‌deeper‌ ‌into‌ ‌ketosis,‌‌ your‌ ‌body‌ ‌adapts‌ ‌to‌ ‌using‌ ‌them‌ ‌for‌ ‌fuel‌ ‌and‌ ‌becomes‌ ‌more‌ ‌optimized‌ ‌in‌ ‌producing ‌‌them. ‌This leaves ‌fewer‌ ‌ketones‌ ‌to‌ ‌be‌ ‌excreted‌ ‌in‌ ‌the‌ ‌urine.‌ ‌As‌ ‌a‌ ‌result,‌ ‌if‌ ‌you’ve‌ ‌been‌ ‌in‌‌ a‌ ‌keto-adapted‌ ‌state‌ ‌for‌ ‌many‌ ‌months,‌ ‌you‌ ‌may‌ ‌get‌ ‌a‌ ‌negative‌ ‌or‌ ‌trace‌ ‌ketone‌ result‌‌ in‌ ‌your‌ ‌urinalysis.‌‌‌

Vivoo Water Box

Drinking fluids is vital to staying healthy and maintaining the function of each system in your body, including your heart, brain, and muscles. Fluids also help carry nutrients to your cells, flush bacteria from your bladder, and prevent constipation.

Body water balance (hydration) represents the net difference between fluid intake and loss. Large changes in fluid intake are controlled by the kidneys, which can produce more or less urine depending on changes in body fluid volumes. Dehydration (body water deficiency) takes place when your body loses more fluid than you drink. On the other hand, overhydration (too much water in the body) happens when your body takes in more water than it excretes.

Some of the benefits of staying hydrated include:

  • Regulating body temperature.
  • Promoting cardiovascular health.
  • Helping muscles and joints work better.
  • Cleansing the body.
  • Helping brain function.
  • Maximizing physical performance.
  • Helping digestion and absorption.

Vivoo’s Water box is designed to assess the user’s hydration status and give comprehensible insights.

It shows your hydration level and gives suggestions about:

  • How much water your body needs daily
  • How to reach your optimal hydrated state.
  • What can you do to stay hydrated
  • How to maintain your body’s electrolyte balance

How Does Vivoo Assess Hydration From Urine?

Kidneys maintain a healthy fluid and electrolyte balance in the body. Excess water and minerals excrete from the body via urine. Using urine markers, such as osmolality, specific gravity, or color, is one of the hydration assessment techniques that have reliable, reasonably definable thresholds. 

The urine specific gravity test compares the density of urine to the density of water. Just like urine color, urine specific gravity changes according to your hydration status like dehydration, overhydration, or being in a well-hydrated state. Since urine color can influence by different factors like diet, drugs, and infections, analyzing urine specific gravity can give a more precise measurement of the hydration status.

That’s why Vivoo measures urine specific gravity, to acquire information about your hydration status (the body’s water balance). 

 

Related: Vivoo‌ ‌Energy‌ ‌Box ‌

 

 

Vivoo UTI Box

Vivoo’s UTI box shows the possibility of a Urinary Tract Infection by looking at leukocyte and nitrite parameters in your urine.

What is a Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection where part of the urinary tract is affected by bacteria, most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli).

 

Urinary Tract Infection

UTIs happen when bacteria enter the urethra and infect the urinary tract. The infection can affect several parts of the urinary tract, but the most common type is a bladder infection (cystitis). UTI can easily be detected by urine tests. Urinary tract infections are the second most common type of infection in the human body. UTIs occur more often in women but can affect men, too.

They cause more than 8.1 million visits to health care providers and affect more than 150 million people worldwide every year. Women have a 50% risk of UTIs over their lifetime. Among a generally healthy population, the risk of having an uncomplicated UTI is 50 times higher in adult women than in adult men.

Urinary Tract Infection

UTI Symptoms & Risk Factors 

There are many factors that can place you at a higher risk of getting a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). These include:

  • sexual intercourse
  • poor hygiene
  • gender (being female)
  • kidney stones
  • diabetes
  • a weakened immune system
  • pregnancy
  • a previous UTI

When we look at the symptoms of UTIs, the most common ones may include:

  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Frequent urge to urinate (but little urine comes out)
  • Increased urgency of urination
  • Fever

Whether you feel any of these symptoms or not, using Vivoo strips will help you to easily detect a UTI in the early stages. Then you will receive advice accordingly.

How does Vivoo detect a UTI?

Urine is a key health indicator for many diseases, mainly urinary tract infections (UTI). Normally, urine contains chemicals called nitrates. When bacteria enter the urinary tract, they reproduce rapidly and convert nitrates into a chemical called nitrites. If there are nitrates in urine, it may mean that you have a UTI.

Urinary Tract Infection

Sometimes urine may contain leukocytes. A leukocyte is a white blood cell (WBC) that is essential for the immune system’s defense against infections. Normally, they do not occur in large numbers in the urine. Higher levels of leukocytes in urine may indicate that your body is trying to fight off an infection somewhere in the urinary tract.

The presence of nitrites and/or leukocytes in the urine usually means that there’s a bacterial infection in the urinary tract. Vivoo strips detect nitrites and leukocytes in urine to measure the possibility of a UTI. Also, if you have any risk of a UTI, the Vivoo application gives you personalized hygiene and nutritional advice to ward off infection.

 

Related: Vivoo pH Box