Commonly referred to as a “UTI,” a urinary tract infection is a widespread infection caused by bacteria that usually reaches the bladder from the urinary tract. If this infection occurs only in the bladder, ‘cystitis’ will occur. If the infection spreads to the kidneys and upper urinary canal in different circumstances, this condition is called pyelonephritis. Of these two, the type of UTI that is easiest to treat is cystitis. The most common symptom of a UTI is a burning sensation during and after urination. Other symptoms include frequent urination, incomplete urination, discomfort and swelling in the lower abdomen, cloudy and heavy-smelling urine. Urinary tract infections can damage the kidneys when treated incorrectly or late. Many cases of UTI resolve spontaneously without treatment, but many people seek treatment for symptoms. Treatment for urinary tract infections aims to prevent the spread of infection to the kidneys, destruction of the delicate structures in the nephron, and the development of upper tract disease/pyelonephritis.
What is UTI?
Infections in the kidneys, bladder, ureters, or urinary tract are called urinary tract infections. In general, infections caused by bacteria in the urinary tract have become prevalent disorders today. This problem may also occur as a result of an underlying infection caused by bacteria. These bacteria are known to be microorganisms called proteus, klebsiella, and enterococcus, particularly E. coli. Every area in the urinary tract may be affected as a result of the growth of the infection. Burning sensation during urination is usually the first indicator that a UTI may be present.
Healthy individuals do not carry organisms such as bacteria, virus organisms, or fungi in their urine. Urinary tract infections may occur due to microbes coming from the outside or transmitted to the urinary tract from the digestive system. When the spread map of the disease is examined, it is seen that urinary tract infections are among the most common diseases detected in women. Many women have urinary tract infections more than once in their lifetime. The reason for this can be stated as follows: the female urethra is shorter than the male urethra and therefore more susceptible to urinary tract infections. As a result, bacteria in the outdoor environment can reach the bladder by traveling a more straightforward route in women.
Related: Vivoo UTI Box
Incidence of UTI
UTI causes more than 8.1 million visits to healthcare providers and affects more than 150 million people worldwide every year. More than 50% of women experience a UTI in their life.
Urinary tract infections are ranked the fifth most prevalent type of infection associated with healthcare services. A 2015 case study estimated that 9.5% of diagnosed infections, or 62,700 diagnoses, were UTIs in acute care hospitals.
Urinary tract infection reveals itself in the form of many symptoms. While some patients show obvious symptoms of a UTI, for example, painful and burning sensation during urination, other patients have symptoms that can be confused with other diseases, like frequent urination.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection are:
- Frequent urination.
- Pain or burning when urinating.
- Dark, cloudy, or reddish urine indicates that blood may be present in the urine.
- Foul-smelling urine.
- Pelvic pain, especially in women.
- Back or side pain under the ribs.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Urinating only a tiny amount despite the feeling of urgency.
Bacteria are the first to cause urinary tract infections. These bacteria are intestinal bacteria of the Escherichia coli type found in human feces. Apart from these bacteria, a sexually transmitted pathogen, virus or fungus can also be a factor. Since women’s urinary tract opens with a very short channel, it is easier for microbes to enter from the outside. Uropathogens, mainly found in the vaginal and anal regions, can quickly spread upward into the urinary tract and bladder. When. microbes enter the bladder and multiply, which causes infections. These can occur more frequently, especially when body resistance is reduced.
Likewise, wet environments such as a pool, sea, and sauna, and conditions such as an existing genital discharge are other underlying causes of UTI. Other causes:
- sexual intercourse,
- poor hygiene,
- gender (being female),
- a previous UTI,
- Exposure of the genitals to bacteria,
- Obstruction in the urinary tract,
- Prostate enlargement and kidney stones,
- Reasons such as a decrease in the immune system can cause urinary tract infections.
Urinary tract infections may not go away on their own. A UTI should not be expected to pass by itself, as it may lead to more severe consequences if treatment is delayed. Time should not be wasted. When a urinary tract infection occurs, there is a high risk of the infection spreading if left untreated. If the infection spreads, the kidneys may be affected and permanent damage may occur. The infection can pass into the blood. If the infection progresses, long-term drug treatments may be needed. Severe infection can lead to the need for inpatient treatment.
How to detect a UTI
Various methods can detect the infection-causing microorganisms in urine. Some tests used to diagnose urinary tract infections are as follows:
- Urine test (Microscope and Strip Tests)
- Urine Culture
- Kidney and Bladder Ultrasound
- Computed Tomography (CT)
Can I take a home test for UTI
Many tests are currently used to diagnose UTIs. However, thanks to developing technology and innovations, it is possible to diagnose urinary tract infections quickly at home. As already known, sometimes urine contains white blood cells (WBC), and these cells play an essential role in the body’s fight against impunity. When the body encounters an infection, the number of white blood cells increases. A high leukocyte count means the body is fighting infections.
Naturally, urine contains nitrates, but when microorganisms enter the urinary tract, nitrates can turn into different, similarly named chemicals called nitrites. Nitrites present in the urine can signal a urinary tract infection is present. Thanks to the Vivoo strips, the presence of leukocytes or nitrites can be easily detected with a small amount of urine, through an at-home test. In addition to these, the Vivoo application gives personal advice if a urinary tract infection is detected and proposes how to deal with this infection.
How does Vivoo detect a UTI?
Thanks to the Vivoo strips, a urinary tract infection can be detected very quickly. With the advice programmed in the application, the necessary precautions can be taken at the beginning of the infection. Vivoo strips confirm the presence of infection by detecting the presence of leukocytes and nitrite.
What to do prevent and treat UTI
As it is known, certain things should be done in daily life to prevent infections. Since it is known that severe damage may occur as a result of a urinary tract infection, measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of getting this infection are as follows:
- Consuming plenty of water
- Avoiding urine retention
- Cleaning after toilet from front to back
- Cleaning the genital area before and after sexual intercourse
- Urinating after sexual intercourse
- Avoiding the use of soap in cleaning the genital area
- Changing sanitary pads frequently
- Wearing cotton underwear and avoiding tight-fitting clothing
Some foods may be good in the presence of an infection; Cranberries and probiotics foods can be consumed to protect and treat urinary infections such as cystitis.
Vivoo and UTI management
Thanks to the Vivoo strip tests, urinary tract infections can be easily detected. Vivoo’s quick and comfortable test means being able to prevent an occurring UTI from spreading and causing significant problems. Vivoo also makes prevention super easy- if a UTI is detected, the app advises on how to manage it.