You’ve likely heard of pH at some point in your life, whether that be when checking pool chemicals, in science class, or, in regards to this post, in medical scenarios having to do with urine. pH is the measure of how acidic or basic something is. The range goes from 0-14, with 7 being neutral. If something’s pH is less than 7, that means it’s acidic. Likewise, if something’s pH is above 7, that means it is a base. It’s essential to know the basics of pH as it plays a vital role in all of our lives every day.
This post will be exploring the basics of urine pH. Your urine’s pH must be on point, as if it is too high or too low, you can be at risk of various, severe medical conditions. With that being said, you should make it a point to check your urine’s pH often and be proactive, as this will help you to avoid any major issues down the line. Now, with recent medical innovations, you don’t have to go to a doctor or medical center to get your pH checked; you can do it right in the comfort of your own home. If the pH in your urine is off, this could be an indicator that something is wrong. In some cases, whatever is wrong could be major and potentially life-altering; however, the person may not have realized anything was wrong prior to check his or her pH.
When you know the basics of pH, you will better be able to live an overall healthier life. You will avoid any stressful medical conditions and will be able to rest easy, knowing that you are going above and beyond when it comes to your own health. However, what if you don’t know anything about pH or how to check it? What if you didn’t even know that you could check your urine’s pH? This post will aim to give the average person a better understanding of ph and detail all one needs to know to maintain or achieve a healthy pH.
What is Urine pH?
Urine pH can be a complex thing to understand; however, everyone must have a good understanding of it. Your pH level should be around 6.0-7.0. If your urine pH is too high or too low, you could be suffering from a medical condition such as urinary tract infection, kidney stones, etc. Several different things impact your urine’s pH, such as your diet, diseases, and certain medicines. By checking the pH of your urine, and finding that it is abnormal, you may find out that you have a disease, that you need to change your diet, or that you should switch medications.
What are Urine pH test strips?
Checking the pH of your urine is easier than ever before. Like Vivoo, companies make pH test strips that allow you to check your pH levels right at home. Urine pH test strips are simple to use; simply wet the test strip with urine and wait a few seconds. As the tape is moistened with urine, it will change color, and the colors will let you know the pH of your urine.
Instead of having to go to a doctor’s office, people can check their pH levels regularly; and with the ease of at-home test strips, there is almost no reason that one should not be checking their urine’s pH. It’s important to note that if your pH is irregular multiple days or weeks in a row, you should seek medical assistance to see what next steps you should take to see what’s wrong and how to fix it. Furthermore, if you have recovered from an irregular urine pH, you should continue to check it to make sure you are maintaining your new, and healthy pH.
Related: Vivoo pH Box
Why Should We Test Urine pH?
Your urine pH can indicate many different things and may offer insight into something you wouldn’t have otherwise discovered. When you find out the acidity of your urine, you will be able to make the appropriate lifestyle choices. For example, suppose your urine is significantly acidic. In that case, your physician may advise you to get off of a certain medication you’re on or may prescribe your medication as you may have a urinary tract infection. With that being said, one of the main factors affecting urine pH is diet. Abnormal results indicate that a change should be made in one’s diet. Furthermore, checking your urine’s pH will allow you to be proactive and avoid the stress and physical pain of medical issues such as a UTI or kidney stone.
When to test your pH?
There are several times when it is crucial to check your urine’s pH, such as:
- When you start a new medication
- You think you may have a UTI
- You think you may have a kidney stone
- Depending on the way that you eat
- You think you may have a kidney issue
However, it will be in your best interest to check your urine’s pH as regularly as possible, and with at-home test strips, this is easy.
In order to understand what your pH levels are telling you, you need to know the very basics of normal and acidic pH levels. Here are some facts you should know:
Normal urine ph range
A neutral pH is 7.0, and most people’s urine pH level is around 6.0. However, if your urine pH is slightly below or above, you shouldn’t be concerned.
Abnormal pH value in urine
An abnormal pH value can provide you with important information about what is happening in your body or how your diet affects your body, in this case, reasons such as dietary habits or the possibility of diseases should be evaluated.
Meaning of low urine pH
If you have a low urine pH, you may be suffering from:
- Kidney stones
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
Meaning of high urine pH
On the other hand, if you have a high pH level, you may be suffering from:
- Kidney tubular acidosis
- Kidney failure
- Respiratory alkalosis
- Gastric suctioning
Even if you don’t currently suffer from one of these issues, such as kidney disease, it’s still important to make vital changes to lower your urine pH. Taking precautions before the problem becomes serious will save you from pain and stress for a long time.
Causes of acid and alkaline urine pH
A high urine pH may be due to:
- Kidneys that do not properly remove acids
- Kidney failure
- Urinary tract infection
- A diet high in vegetables and fruits, low in protein and grains
A low urine pH may be due to:
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Excessive alcohol use
- Too much acid in the body fluids (metabolic acidosis)
- High protein diet
What is the relationship between urine pH and dietary content?
Your diet can play a significant role in your urine’s pH. For example, if you follow a diet full of fruits, vegetables, legumes, and low in meat, you will likely have a high alkaline level. Or, if you consume mostly meat, your urine’s pH will likely be more acidic.
How to higher acidic urine pH
If you are looking for at-home ways to fix the acidity in your urine, try one of these tips:
- Avoid consuming milk and other dairy products,
- Consuming animal protein sources should be reduced,
- Consuming plant-based protein sources like legumes should be increased,
- Vegetable and fruit consumption should be increased.
As stated earlier, alkaline can majorly impact the body’s pH.
Foods that will alkaline in your pH include
- Green beans
Alkaline foods are also great for preventing obesity and heart disease.
How to Lower Alkaline Urine pH
If you want to work on lowering your alkaline levels on your own, here are some tips to help you do just that:
- Drink fluids with electrolytes
- Add high-protein foods to your diet
Some acidic foods to incorporate into your diet if you have high alkaline levels include
- Red meats,
- Poultry meats,
- And other seafood,
- And other dairy products,
Medical Conditions & Risks
There are all kinds of medical conditions and risks associated with your body’s pH, especially with your urine’s pH. Some medical conditions and risks are more severe than others; however, all should be taken seriously. If you think that you have a medical condition or are at risk of a serious illness correlated to your urine’s pH, seek medical attention right away.
If a person has a high pH level, some of the most common medical conditions that he or she should be concerned about include a UTI, kidney stones, or other related kidney issues. However, a person may have a high urine pH because of prolonged vomiting as this rids the body of stomach acid that helps regulate the body’s overall pH balance.
On the opposite side of the spectrum, when a person has low urine pH, this could be attributed to a specific medication, frequent diarrhea, starvation, or diabetes.
Urine pH role in diseases
Urine pH can indicate many different diseases, such as respiratory disease, diabetes, UTIs, and metabolic disorders. If you check your urine’s pH at home and find that it is consistently too high or too low, you should look into what that could be telling you. Your issue could be minor and easy to fix; however, it could also indicate some sort of disease. You should talk to your doctor about what kind of disease your abnormal pH could be an indication of.
Diseases and issues caused by an acidic pH
In addition to kidney stones, people with an acidic pH may suffer from the following complications if they do not get the appropriate medical attention:
- Kidney disease
- Bone disease
- Delayed growth
How can one prevent such things? Doctors recommend staying hydrated, monitor alcohol consumption, watch blood sugar levels, especially if you have diabetes.
Several different things could be to blame if your urine’s pH is overly acidic, such as:
- A high-protein diet that is also low carb; specifically low in fruit and vegetable carbs
Diseases and issues caused by an alkaline pH
Those with an alkaline pH are at risk of UTIs and kidney stones, however, they are also at risk of other more severe kidney issues. To lower the alkaline in one’s urine, he or she drinks 6-8 8oz glasses of water a day. However, if the alkalinity of one’s urine does not fix itself on its own, one may need to seek medical intervention, as he or she could become subject to:
- Kidney stones
- Frequent and painful UTIs
- Other kidney-related disorders
Some of the main culprits of high alkaline pH in urine include:
- Vomiting; rids the body of stomach acid
- A vegetarian diet
- A medical condition
What are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones are among the most common issues associated with an imbalance in urine pH, but what exactly are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in the urine. Typically kidney stones do not cause any permanent damage, though they are often extremely painful as they pass through the urinary tract. When a person has a kidney stone, the only way for him or she to get rid of it is to pass it; though in rare cases, when a kidney stone is extremely large, one may have to have a medical procedure performed. If a person has a kidney stone, he or she will likely feel pain in the abdomen and feel nauseous.
To avoid getting kidney stones, one should stay hydrated and ensure that their urine’s pH is always in check. People prone to kidney stones or people who have had kidney stones in the past should invest in at-home urine pH test strips to take the necessary precautions to avoid kidney stones.
Related: Vivoo Kidney BOX
UTIs, or urinary tract infections, are another one of the most common medical conditions associated with an abnormal urine pH. A UTI is an infection in any part of the urinary system, including the kidneys, urethra, or bladder. Both men and women can get a UTI; however, they are more common in women. Often, UTIs will occur in the urethra or the bladder, though in more severe cases, they will occur in the kidneys.
UTIs can occur due to several different reasons, such as:
- The shape of one’s urethra; women have shorter urethras, which makes it easier for bacteria to get into their bladders
- Not urinating after sexual intercourse
- Changes in hormones
- Kidney stones
- Multiple sclerosis
- Injury to the spinal cord
When one is experiencing a UTI, he or she will likely suffer from the following side effects:
- Back pain
- Increased urge to urinate
- Blood in the urine
- Pain while urinating
- Pelvic pain
The number one treatment for UTIs are antibiotics and ample amounts of water. Some people are more prone to getting UTIs than others. To prevent UTIs, one should check the pH of their urine regularly and make it a point always to stay hydrated.
The Significance of Urine pH
Overall, staying on top of your urine’s pH is essential to living a healthy life. With the innovations of at-home urine pH strips, people can check their urine’s pH regularly and make the appropriate lifestyle changes if they find that their pH is abnormal. It’s important to point out that if your urine’s pH is consistently abnormal, you should see a doctor to determine what else you can do to fix your abnormal pH level. A medical professional will be able to give you more in-depth insight when it comes to urine pH.
Checking your pH regularly may save you from suffering from a painful or inconvenient medical issue, such as a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone. Or, by periodically checking your urine’s pH, you may find a medical problem that you didn’t know you had.
It will be worth your while to invest in at-home pH test strips, such as the ones sold by Vivoo so that you can stay on top of your urine’s pH. When you pay special attention to maintaining a healthy pH, you will improve your overall quality of life and will save yourself the stress and physical pain down the line.