Vivoo’s UTI box shows the possibility of a Urinary Tract Infection by looking at leukocyte and nitrite parameters in your urine.
What is a Urinary Tract Infection?
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection where part of the urinary tract is affected by bacteria, most commonly Escherichia coli (E. coli).
UTIs happen when bacteria enter the urethra and infect the urinary tract. The infection can affect several parts of the urinary tract, but the most common type is a bladder infection (cystitis). Urinary tract infections can easily be detected by urine tests. Urinary tract infections are the second most common type of infection in the human body. UTIs occur more often in women but can affect men, too.
They cause more than 8.1 million visits to health care providers and affect more than 150 million people worldwide every year. Women have a 50% risk of UTIs over their lifetime. Among a generally healthy population, the risk of having an uncomplicated UTI is 50 times higher in adult women than in adult men.
UTI Symptoms & Risk Factors
There are many factors that can place you at a higher risk of getting a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). These include:
- sexual intercourse
- poor hygiene
- gender (being female)
- kidney stones
- a weakened immune system
- a previous UTI
When we look at the symptoms of UTIs, the most common ones may include:
- a burning sensation when urinating
- abdominal pain
- frequent urge to urinate (but little urine comes out)
- increased urgency of urination
Whether you feel any of these symptoms or not, using Vivoo strips will help you to easily detect a UTI in the early stages. Then you will receive advice accordingly.
How does Vivoo detect a UTI?
Urine is a key health indicator for many diseases, mainly urinary tract infections (UTI). Normally, urine contains chemicals called nitrates. When bacteria enter the urinary tract, they reproduce rapidly and convert nitrates into a chemical called nitrites. If there are nitrates in urine, it may mean that you have a UTI.
Sometimes urine may contain leukocytes. A leukocyte is a white blood cell (WBC) that is essential for the immune system’s defense against infections. Normally, they do not occur in large numbers in the urine. Higher levels of leukocytes in urine may indicate that your body is trying to fight off an infection somewhere in the urinary tract.
The presence of nitrites and/or leukocytes in the urine usually means that there’s a bacterial infection in the urinary tract. Vivoo strips detect nitrites and leukocytes in urine to measure the possibility of a UTI. Also, if you have any risk of a UTI, the Vivoo application gives you personalized hygiene and nutritional advice to ward off infection.
- Suskind, A. M., Saigal, C. S., Hanley, J. M., Lai, J., Setodji, C. M., & Clemens, J. Q. (2016). Incidence and Management of Uncomplicated Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in a National Sample of Women in the United States. Urology, 90, 50–55. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2015.11.051
- Silverman, J. A., Schreiber, H. L., Hooton, T. M., & Hultgren, S. J. (2013). From Physiology to Pharmacy: Developments in the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections. Current Urology Reports, 14(5), 448–456. doi: 10.1007/s11934-013-0354-5
- Nosseir, S. B., Lind, L. R., & Winkler, H. A. (2012). Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections in Women: A Review. Journal of Womens Health, 21(3), 347–354. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3056
- Aydin, A, Ahmed, K, Zaman, I, Khan, MS, & Dasgupta, P. (2015); Recurrent urinary tract infections in women. International urogynecology journal 26(6):795-804.
- Flores-Mireles, A. L., Walker, J. N., Caparon, M., & Hultgren, S. J. (2015). Urinary tract infections: epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and treatment options. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 13(5), 269–284. doi: 10.1038/nrmicro3432
- Al-Badr, A., & Al-Shaikh, G. (2013). Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Management in Women: A review. Sultan Qaboos University medical journal, 13(3), 359–367.
- Urinary tract infection. (2015).