Sodium is an essential electrolyte that helps regulate fluid balance in the body. It is found in a variety of foods, including table salt, and is also present in many electrolyte solutions and sports drinks. Having too little sodium in the body, a condition known as hyponatremia, can be dangerous and requires medical attention. Here are some common symptoms of low sodium:
1. Nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of low sodium. These symptoms may be accompanied by a loss of appetite and a feeling of being full after eating small amounts of food.
Headaches are a common symptom of low sodium and can range from mild to severe. They may be accompanied by other symptoms such as dizziness or lightheadedness.
3. Confusion and disorientation
Low sodium levels can cause confusion and disorientation, especially in older adults. A person with low sodium may have trouble thinking clearly or remembering things and may be more prone to falls and accidents.
4. Fatigue and muscle weakness
Fatigue and muscle weakness are common symptoms of low sodium. A person with low sodium may feel tired or have difficulty performing everyday activities due to muscle weakness.
Low sodium levels can cause fluid to build up in the body, resulting in swelling, or edema. This may be noticeable in the ankles, feet, and legs, but can also affect the abdomen and hands.
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Hyponatremia can be serious and can lead to other complications if left untreated. Your healthcare provider can perform tests to determine the cause of your low sodium levels and recommend treatment. Treatment may include increasing your intake of sodium through your diet or through electrolyte solutions and addressing any underlying health conditions that may be contributing to your low sodium levels.